Word Preamble came from the Latin word
“praeambulus” which means “walking before.”
The preamble is a primarily introductory
statement to the constitution which was set up for guiding fundamental values, principles,
and philosophy on which the constitution is based. When preamble broken into
elements, each phrase indicates a big meaning behind which is important to
understand the constitution of a state.
Is preamble is a part of the constitution:
A preamble is a part of the constitution, is
in compatibility between the opinions of the founding fathers of the
constitution. It incumbent standards to examine and evaluate any action &
law of the government to, find whether it’s valid or not. However, three thing is important to keep in mind:
1. It is neither
a source of power to legislature nor
a prohibition on the power of the legislature.
2. A preamble
is non-justiciable, that is, its provision cannot be imposed on the courts of law.
3. Preamble can
be amended as per article 368 as it contains the basic elements of the
constitution, the amendment is subject to the condition that it should not
alter the “basic structure” of the Constitution as per as opined by
the Supreme Court of India.
Who drafted preamble:
is based on the objective resolution drafted and passed by Jawahar Lal Nehru in constitution assembly on 13 December 1946. The preamble-page and original pages of Constitution
of India , was embellished by the renowned painter of Jabalpur Beohar Rammanohar Sinha who was at Shantiniketan
with Acharya Nandalal Bose in
Preamble is said to be
1. Soul of constitution (By Thakurdas Bhargava)
2. Political horoscope of the constitution (By
3. Identity card of the constitution. (By NA Palkhiwala)
The significance of the
significance of preamble lies in its phrases and its word components that is:
The terms sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic in the Preamble
suggests the nature of the state. The ideals of justice, liberty, equality,
fraternity reflects the objectives of the Constitution.
Explanation of the
Meaning: The constitution is made by and
for the Indian people and not given to them by any outside power and all the
power emanates from the people and the political system will be accountable and
responsible to the people.
it indicates the
Nature of Indian state
Secular: the secularism features are
envisaged in the Preamble which means that the state will not have any religion
of its own and freedom will be unnamed equally to all of the conscience and the
right freely to practice, proclaim and to follow the religion of their own
Socialist: “Socialism” as an
economic philosophy, the state owns the means of production and distribution.
India adopted Mixed Economy, where except state, there will be private
production too. Socialism as a social philosophy stresses more on the societal
Republic: the republic is an entity in which
the head of state is elected, indirectly or directly, for a fixed tenure. The
President of India is elected by an electoral college for a term of five years.
It will be not on hereditary base and every citizen of India is eligible to
become the President of the country.
Democratic: it indicates that the Government
will get its authority from the will of the people. The rulers are elected by
the people and are responsible to them.
Sovereign: India is externally and internally
sovereign – externally free from the control of any foreign power and No
external power can dictate the government of India.
And internally, in terms of territory,
non- state actors it has a free government which is directly elected by the
people and makes laws that govern the people.
Meaning: It emphases about the Objectives
of Indian State:
justice will be done in terms of all i.e., Politically, Economically and
means “Brotherhood”): fraternity assuring the integrity and the
unity of the nation and
the dignity of the individual .
opportunity to all will be equal and people of any status will be
Liberty: of worship, expression, faith,
thought, and belief.
Meaning: It tells about the adoption date:
November 1949 is the adoption date of the Constitution. Article 394 has given
the adoption date 26th November 1949 to the articles which came into existence
on 26th November 1949. But most of the articles in Constitution came
into force on January 26th, 1950.