Within the country from fragile to one of

Within the Southeast Asia, Singapore is well-known for the most developed county. To each this phase, Singapore, despite of having no natural resource and less population, has restored its country with bare hands base on three main policies such as the police of dynamic leadership of Prime minister Lee Kuan Yew, the approach to strategic area and the powerful education system that has been put as the first priority of the vision of the country. Therefore, this essay is designed mainly to discuss about the Singapore economy success and the keys factors that maintain this stability of success in Singapore which are dynamic leadership, strategic area and education dimension. Lee Kuan Yew, who was the first prime minister of Singapore and also a founding-father of Singapore in bargaining independence from Britain and also developing the country from a bare hand. He took office from 1959 to 1990 and was widely recognized by Singaporeans as capable of transforming the country from fragile to one of the Asian tigers in the status quo. His tenure made him the world’s longest serving prime minister in history. He was the only prominent figure who engineer and transform Singapore from a fragile state to one of the Asia’s economic ”tigers” nowadays. During his first tenure, Lee and his colleague encountered severe problems of high-unemployment rates, housing shortage, and extreme corruption and were also undeniably instrumental in the rapid growth and transformation of modern Singapore. Under Lee Kuan Yew’s leadership, he played such an important role in Singapore by offering his cabinet to start a campaign that encourages foreign investors to start their business in Singapore as well as support the local ones.Moreover, Singapore is the country that practices ‘authoritarianism’ and the only powerful political leading party which was created by Lee Kuan Yew is the People’s Action Party (PAP) that has been ruling the country since 1959 until now. In addition, as an Asian nationalist leader, Lee Kuan Yew has also used the concept of Asia known as the ”Asian values” to resist the Western attempts to dictate to or interfere in the nation of Asia. In 1990s, Lee Kuan Yew extolled the virtues of ”Asian Values” such as the harmony, obedience, loyalty, group solidarity, hard work, spirituality to reject and counter what Asian people regarded as the negative characteristics of the West, particularly its materialism, individualism, lack of harmony and laziness (Suzuki,1998). Undeniably, Lee adopted very strict public regulations and rules for just to make Singaporeans to be more disciplined such as spitting fines, chewing gum ban, wasting water ban, etc. Lee uses the agencies of the state to get Singaporeans to do what he wants them to do. ). Furthermore, Singapore is considered to be an immigrant society because its population is very diverse due to the result of considerable past immigration. Consequently, there are a great number of Chinese, Tamils, Indians, British, Malays, and more in Singapore society. Due to such diversity, the government of Singapore has adopted various programs to promote social cooperation between these groups of people such as the language planning. And, in term of the language planning, the Singapore government tries to encourage its citizens by dividing the languages into two: the first and primary one is English, and their native languages. This plan is considered to be the government’s plan to promote the concept the ”Unity in Diversity”.The second reason that strategic location has made Singapore developed. Singapore port had 3 vital benefits which would be surpassed the other colonial port cities and the important indigenous ports. The first advantage had to be its own geographic location. Since Singapore is located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, at a crossroads of the East and West. To put it simply, Singapore located at the mouth of the Malacca Strait. According to The Economist 40% of most maritime trades and ships traveling between East and Southeast Asia, India, and Europe had to pass through Singapore. According to Mr Ng Pi Rui, a control center deputy manager with PSA Singapore Terminals has mentioned that: “We handle an average of 91,000 containers every day – handling about 60 ships on average every day.” The second advantage was its status as free port. If those ships passed through the port of the Dutch in Batavia or the Spanish in Manila, they would be cost expensive, lengthy tariffs and charges on imports and exports. The third one was its linkage into British industrial and commercial empire, as British back then was the dominant colonial power in Southeast Asia. According to these 3 benefits, Singapore could dominate the other crucial ports in Southeast Asia. As these successes, trading houses, service companies swiftly had relation with Singapore. Also, Chinese traders were attracted to Singapore due to its free port status. . All the packaged products as well as rubber plantation from Southeast Asia distributed to the Western European countries through Singapore port. Singapore further benefits from the development in transportation, shipping, and communication. The most important of these was containerization. Singapore ensured that it would provide quick getting goods in and out and the services are affordably cheap. Presently, Singapore’s port is greatly important, about the average of 364 vessels per day or more than 15 ships were handled per hour. Finally, Singapore is very blessed to have such a great strategic location, which facilitates favorably for trade; makes Singapore has a miracle economy.It is no coincidence that Singapore, is amongst the most open and focused economies on the planet, which has accomplished high genuine GDP development of 6.7 cent per annum 1985 and 2010. This has been accomplished through rivalry standards, in other words, competitions principles in its public policies to showcase market-driven advancements and give a helpful domain to feasible monetary development. In 1965, when Singapore got its independence, it confronted desperate monetary and social conditions, including monstrous unemployment racial pressures. To make openings for work, the government adopted an activist approach to rebuild the economy from one based on import substitution to one based on export-oriented industrialization. (Charmaine, 2016) Singapore depends vigorously on international and regional markets as its own local market is small. Thus, Singapore needed to build up a high level of financial receptiveness, facilitated commerce and free markets all together for the economy to grow. In any case, the helplessness in relying upon outside business sectors constrained the administration to sanction financial strategies that would protect the nation from issues in the global market. The legislature has additionally been in charge of growing new monetary activities and businesses that could react to the requirements of the world’s market. To date, the Singapore Model has ended up being to a great degree, effective. Singapore’s economy has exhibited strength to monetary emergencies, for example, the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis or the 2008 Global Financial Crisis.Beside Strategic Area that includes both the powerful sea rout and Asia Pacific Strategic Region, factor that plays a very good role in Singapore Economic is “the heavy investment in education” which boots Singapore economic rapidly. Once take a glance at the Singapore education, according to the BBC news in 2016, Singapore names as the top rated country for math and science and is in the first place in all the Pisa test subject, ahead of school system across Asia, Europe, Australasia and North and South American (“Singapore first place in school rankings,” 2016) which has a great impact on the economic development and the rising living standard of Singapore citizen. Prominently, the efficiently-driven phase of Singapore education started during 1976-1996 which the government shifts its approach by creating multiple pathways for students to improve the quality and produce more technically skilled labor to achieve the economic goal that government set ahead as a version of the county. By the age of 1992, the rang of effort that focus on the technical education yield a great result as there were so many companies that tin invest in the county due to the fact that Singapore has furnished the quality of its labor force to provide a large benefit to the investors and has maintained a great well-implemented social restriction that ensure the security of business process within the county. Although Singapore was seen as an incompatible state in the past, Singapore has found ways for social development by implementing the rule of law that strengthen the social interaction and behavior of the citizen. A long the way, geographical area of Singapore sea rout has played a significant factor in Singapore Economic by playing as a center port between European and Asian doing their trade. Moreover, another unforgettable cause that pushes economic of Singapore to this phase is education dimension that the Prime Minister Lee has put a lot of investment into this sector. As a result it gives Singapore a fruitful outcome that makes Singapore Economy rapidly increase to become a Tiger Economy in the region.