Why will go extinct. Given these points,

Why are animals going extinct?

            Around
150-200 species of plants, insects, mammals, and birds go extinct every day.
This amount is nearly 1000 times more than the “natural” rate which
is greater than anything the world has experienced ever since the disappearing
of the dinosaurs around 65Million years ago. According to the UN Environment
Programme, we are in the middle of a mass extinction of life. A research by
scientists at WWF states “The number of wild animals on Earth has halved in the
past 40 years, according to a new analysis. Creatures across land, rivers and
the seas are being decimated as humans kill them for food in unsustainable
numbers, while polluting or destroying their habitats.” What happened and why is this happening so rapidly? How can we slow
this process down?

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            Climate
change; it’s one of the most important reasons why animals are facing extinction.
Temperatures have raised approximately 0.15°C per decade since 1975. Polar
bears are losing their habitats due to the ice breaking and melting. Many animals
are migrating up North because of the increase in international temperatures. Water
temperatures are rising quicker and making it a hazardous habitat for fish to
live in. Furthermore, air pollution is one of the most dangerous effects of animal
extinction because not only does it affect birds, but it also affects land
animals. Air pollutants such as Carbon Monoxide, Lead, and Nitrogen Dioxide can
kill birds and other animals because the atmosphere of their habitat is
strongly polluted. This air can also make the animals sick which makes them
weak and they will easily die. Acidic air pollutants also combine with water
droplets of clouds in the air which creates acid rain. This acid rain can
damage the environment and the animals that live in it. In addition, climate
change causes sea levels to rise and this creates an issue for many animals,
causing them to become endangered. As sea levels rise, animals’ habitats will
slowly be destroyed and the animals living in that area will go extinct. Given
these points, climate change is major problem particularly when it results in
animal extinction.

            Even
though climate change is a vast problem, habitat loss is the biggest threat. Forests,
swamps, lakes, and plains, along with other habitats are continuing to
disappear as they are damaged for human utilization and cleared to make way for
roads, houses, and agriculture. Most of the wood is taken, used to make paper
and some of the land that was once a forest is now a landfill. In addition,
human greed is one of the major motives for habitat loss. Humans are constantly
destroying animal habitats and other places in the environment where animals
could potentially live if their habitat was damaged. Many companies tend to buy
land and destroy it to build more factories; not thinking about the fact that
they are destroying and taking away many different species of animals’ homes. This
loss of habitat, also takes away their food and the things that they need to
survive, which makes them weak and prone to dangers such as hunters and
predators. Although humans are part of the key problem, other things, such as
natural disasters, can also affect animal extinction and habitat loss. Devastating
natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and tornados can destroy a large
area in a matter of minutes. Earthquakes physically move land and could consequently
cause tsunamis while floods demolish vegetation and tornadoes can tear trees
out of the ground. These natural disasters can also kill animals in the process
and leave many with no home. Ultimately, habitat loss is a major problem and it
is causing animals to go extinct.

            Even
though animals are going extinct quicker than normal, humans can help slow this
process down. Many organizations “adopt” endangered species of
animals and take care of them until there is a fair amount of them for them to
be released back into the wild. The NWF states “One of the best ways to
protect endangered species is to prevent their decline and deterioration in the
first place. Toward that end, National Wildlife Federation works to maintain
healthy populations of fish, wildlife, and plant species through promoting
broad-based conservation efforts such as State Wildlife Action Plans”. Not
only can organizations, such as the NWF, help avoid mass extinction, but
individual citizens can also help by taking action. Many websites and articles
help people get a better understanding of the problems going on and how they
can help. Some examples of how a standard citizen can help are: spreading the
word, reducing the carbon footprint, and eating less meat. There are many things
that humans have to fix in order to stop this mass extinction.  Cleaning up pollution, replanting trees, preventing
logging, and reducing air pollution are just some of the actions that we, as
humans, can take to help our world. All together, it will take a while to fix
this problem but with hard work, mass extinction can be prevented.

            In
conclusion, the earth is in the midst of a mass extinction, and it is happening
quickly. There rise in temperatures, pollution, and the rise in sea levels are
all killing animals, making them endangered and in much need for help.  Animals are also slowly losing their habitats
and are being left homeless. This makes them vulnerable and prone to danger.
These factors are just a fraction of what is causing animal extinction but they
are still very important. This can still be prevented and by working as a
community and as a whole, we can make a better future for this earth and save
many species that are endangered today. After all, this is our world and we
have to take care of it and anything that lives on it.