What through e- Governance mechanism. What is

What is E-sansad? What are the benefits of this particular project and what
are the challenges thereof? What are the further steps need to taken to ensure
effective e-Governance?

It is a program under Digital
India (e-Kranti – Electronic Delivery of
Services). e-Sansad has a state counterpart as e-Vidhan. This project plans to
digitise all Parliament documents. Union
Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (MoPA) is the Nodal Ministry for implementation of both the projects. This is
also in consonance with Go Green Initiative, which will further limit cutting
of trees for making paper.

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Benefits of e-Sansad project

Takes Less space and
further storage requirements are reduced. 
This project will help in moving towards effective delivery of Goods and
services through e- Governance mechanism.

What is e-Governance?

e-Governance is in
essence, the application of Information and Communications Technology to
government functioning in order to create ‘Simple, Moral, Accountable,
Responsive and Transparent’ (SMART) governance. e-Governance facilitates interaction between different stake holders in
governance. The aim of e-Governance under the National e-Governance Programme
is reaching out to villages in the shortest time, with minimum cost and maximum

Govt has started Digital
Vans for promoting awareness towards E- Governance. These digital vans are be  equipped with Internet and audio-visual
facilities. It is an initiative of the Department of Electronics and
Information Technology, and will be implemented by the National e-Governance
Division. To increase awareness among people, especially youth, about various
e-governance services in rural and semi-urban areas. To reach out to rural
citizens for MyGov, digital locker, Aadhaar and other digital services.

The experiences in e-governance, can be replicated in e-learning,
e-health, e-commerce as well.

Challenges associated with the success of e-Sansad project

Some States have
adopted automation still huge amount of Paper is being consumed in state

How digital/e- Literacy can limit the success of Projects like e-Sansad and
e- Vidhan?

In simple words it is the skillset which facilitates the use
of devices like smartphones, tablets, laptops and desktop
PCs. People in India are lacking in terms of either devices or the  skillset. And majority lacking in Both aspect,
being approximately 30% of Indian population living below poverty line.  As majority of Rural Population don’t know
English while most of the content in the internet is in English this further
limits their accessibility to various electronic services.

What are the various issues with Internet Penetration in India and how they
affect e-delivery of services?

Latest TRAI (Telecom Regulatory of India) Report, which is
one of the most authentic report, stated that Internet penetration in India is
very low. In India 28.77 Internet subscribers per 100 population use internet. Thus
the question arises if such a huge population is not digitally literate then
how Digital India can prove to be successful.  

How Digital Divide is an impediment in Implementing e- Governance in India?

In India Internet
connections are unevenly distributed. According to the TRAI report TRAI urban
India has 61.9 Internet subscriptions per 100 people, while rural India gets by
with just 13.7. Delhi alone has
2.2 crore Internet connections, whereas the entire North East has just 4.3
lakh. This shows the widespread regional disparity as well as Rural- urban
Divide in terms of Internet connections.

Limited success of Digital India

Govt steps taken in the direction of Digital India are not
effective enough. MyGov.in as a platform for citizen engagement in governance, has
remained a limited success. Other initiatives like eSign framework which allow
citizens to digitally sign a document online using Aadhaar authentication has
not seen considerable growth.

What are the various other initiative for the effective e-Governance?

Digital India

Aim of Digital India
is Spreading of information without barriers. ‘Digital India’ program envisages
that by the year 2019, the 250,000 Indian villages will enjoy broadband
connectivity, and, universal phone connectivity. This programme has been
envisaged by Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY). Digital
India to provide the much needed thrust to the nine pillars of growth areas,
namely Broadband Highways, Universal Access to Mobile connectivity, Public
Internet Access Programme, e-governance: Reforming Government through
Technology, e-Kranti-Electronic Delivery of Services, Information for All,
Electronics Manufacturing, IT for Jobs and Early Harvest Programmes.

Digital Village

It is in line with
the vision of Digital India. Components of Digital Village are Providing Tele
Medicine services, Tele Education, Skill Development.

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)

Aim of ‘Pradhan
Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan’ is to make 6 crore rural households
digitally literate by March 2019. If implemented successfully it is expected to
be one of the largest digital literacy programmes in the world. The
implementation of the scheme would be carried out under the overall supervision
of Ministry of Electronics and IT in active collaboration with State/UTs
through their designated State Implementing Agencies, District e-Governance
Society (DeGS), etc.

Way Forward

We must focus on digital literacy and leverage technical
skills to reap the benefits out of an increasingly global, digital and
innovation-driven economy.