Type towards others. They want to be

Type A – B personality

History

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                The Type A – B personality theory
is a personality type concept which was first presented in the 1950s by
Friedman and Rosenman to explain patterns of actions that were once believed to
be risks for heart problems (Friedman, 1996). Since its beginning in the1950s,
the theory has been commonly made popular. These types demonstrate that how an
individual act in crucial and dangerous circumstances (Ivancevich &
Matteson, 1984).

  
      This theory was given by Friedman
and Roseman who were cardiologists. They noticed the behaviour of patients who
had cardiovascular disease. Patients who were seated in the waiting room, while
compared with other individuals were not able to sit on their chairs calmly. It
was noticed that the chairs had worn out. This could be because they sat on the
side of the seats. They termed this behaviour as type A behaviour. From then on,
they started conducting research to investigate if individuals with this type
of behaviour are prone to heart related problems.

 A Type personality

                                        Keinan
and Tal (2004) concluded that type A behaviour is a managing technique that
happens due to the worry of dropping control over things. According to this
study, Type A character has more tendency towards burnout than Type B character.
Previous researchers (Cooper, Kirkcaldy, & Brownish, 1994; Fried- man,
1967; Jamal, 1990; Rosenman & Chesney, 1985) was of the opinion that Type A
people are goal focused, aggressive, inspired, dynamic, highly motivated,
assured, quick in all work of life, frustrated, complicated, and aim to meet
deadlines. They are very distrustful of the others because of negative view and
are workaholic. Such individuals are always in a hurry to complete things thus
more susceptible to stress and consequently burnout. They are extroverts so
show their irritation verbally and have low psychological intellect.

                            Type A are very evaluating
and may react strongly towards others. They want to be followed so that they
can have control over things. Type A personality encounters heart illnesses
(Friedman, 1967, Schaubroeck, Ganster, and Kemmerer, 1994) is also prone to
stress and burnout (Jamal 1999, Sharpley, Dua, Reynolds, and Acosta, 1995,
Matthews ,1977 and Matthews,1988) than type B personality. Characteristics of
enmity and time obsessiveness of type A are associated with wellness problems
due to pressure. According to Pred, Spence, & Helmreich (1987) biased behaviour
of such character cannot generate expert efficacy and linked to stress based
illness at the same time. In the same way, Bluer, 1990; Matthews, 1988;
Robbins, et al., 1991 opines that particular type A behaviour or example
antagonism, exasperation, and touchiness have improved possibility to develop
stress-related medical concerns. It can be suggested that type A personality
can be more associated with expert inefficacy which is one of the burnout
dimension. These individuals are also workaholics and they multi task. They also
like to meet deadlines.

  
             The book that Friedman
wrote on, Type A behaviour: its analysis and therapy (1996) speaks of the three
symptoms that type A individuals have. They are free floating anger, which gets
activated when minimal incidents occur, next is time emergency and the last is
a aggressive drive and a mindset that is achievement driven. The initials
stages of these symptoms is said to be inert and so it is not visible.

                 The A personality types are vulnerable to
stress-related illnesses such as CHD, increased level of hypertension etc. they
can have their flight or fight reaction by little things the surrounding. So, they
already have their stress hormones in them hence leading them to a lot of
stress related illness. It was the western collaborative group study that
proved A type individuals was associated with heart problems.

Type A Behaviour Pattern (TABP)

This pattern includes –

Competitiveness

       These individuals are highly
competitive. They look at their goals without feeling happy of their
achievement. Any task given to them they want to finish it as fast as they can,
preferably before others could finish it. Hence, they have high work
participation.

Time Urgency

They always have a sense of urgency. They are in an endless battle with
time. They get irritated with wasted time and bored time. They try to do many
things at the same time.

Hostility

 These individuals get angry fast. This
they may or even may not show. Outward. They search for the bad things in
others. It is believed that it is this symptom that is closely connected to
cardio vascular disease.