This is a Buba. A Buba is a blouse worn by women in Nigeriawhich is worn to formal eventsWooden mask carvings created for Yoruba festival of Geledewhich depict an animal in a woman’s face.Although the official language of Nigeria is Hausa, other major languages spoken in Nigeria from most spoken to least spoken include English, Yoruba, Igbo (also known as Ibo), Fulani, and over 500 additional unofficial native languages.The most common religion in Nigeria accompanying 50% of the population is Muslim. While Christianity is second with 40% of the population. The last 10% of the population has their own beliefs.Nigeria is Africa’s most populated country and is composed of over 250 ethnic groups. The greatest populated group of people are the Hausa and Fulani, which combine to be a total of 29% of the population. The two groups are primarily located in Northern Nigeria, in the Sahelian and Sudanian Daura. The second most populous is the Yoruba, which takes up 21% of the Nigerian population. The Yoruba group is a group based in southwestern and north-central Nigeria. Igbo is third, with 18% of the population. The Igbos are located on either side of Niger’s major river, the Niger River. They occupy most of southeastern Nigeria. Ijaw is third, with 10% of the population. The Ijaw group is an ethnicity native to the Niger Delta in Nigeria, and can been found living in other countries such as Bayelsa, Edo, Delta, Ondo, Akwa Ibom and Rivers. Kanuri includes 4% of the population. The Kanuri group is found living in the northeast corner of Nigeria. Ibibio includes 3.5% of the population. The Ibibio group lives in southeast Nigeria. Finally, the smallest ethnic group of Nigeria is Tiv, with 2.5% of the population. The Tiv are found living in the Benue Valley, in central Nigeria.Nigerian fashion has always been diverse, for it reflects each of its ethnic groups, religions, and cultures. For example, the Edo group has traditional clothing in which they wear lots of color and the use of beads are highly implemented. The beads symbolize royalty and freedom. While, the Urhobo group wear Georgian wrappers and lace shirts, accessorized with cowboy hats, and walking sticks. Overall, however, Nigerian men wear baggy clothing and the women wear long sleeve, long skirt clothing that covers most of their body. For every ethnic group in all of Nigeria, during formal events in Nigeria, Nigerian men often wear a robe commonly known as an agbada. The men must wear this over their clothes. During formal events, the woman must wear a Buba. A Buba is a blouse with long sleeves and a neckline of either a “u” or “v” shape.One native food in Nigeria is a popular stew called Efo riro which is made from vegetables and is most common among the Yorubas. Another stew called Egusi soup is made with melon seeds and contains vegetables, seasonings, and meat. Both stews are often eaten with native dishes like ámala, pounded yam, and fufu. Fried foods that are cooked in coconut oil are often served with rice. A favorite fried dish in Nigeria is the fried plantain.Three dimensional art is a main art type seen created by native Nigerians. Nigerians create stone carvings, potteries, glasswork, and wood carvings. The practice of traditional pottery can be seen all throughout the country. Potters in Nigeria are often female, and the practice of pottery is commonly handed down through families. Although painting has a part in Nigerian art, the 3 dimensional art takes up most of the time of Nigerian artists. Another form of art seen in Nigeria is the creation of wooden masks. They are often painted and worn to funerals or ceremonies that involve spirits. The Yoruba festival of Gelede is a large festival that is celebrated by elderly women, the women use large carved masks that combine women’s faces with fighting animals. There are a variety of different festivals which are celebrated by each ethnic group. A commonly known Nigerian festival is the Argungu Fishing Festival. This festival lasts a total of four days and includes a one hour fishing tournament where thousands of men try to catch the largest fish. Another common festival is the 12day Osun-Osogbo Festival. This festival is held each year in an area of a virgin forest. The festival honors traditional Nigerian gods. The New Yam festival celebrates the yam harvest every year. People thank the farmers for a successful growing season, and during the festival, no yams may be eaten or sold until after the celebrations have been completed. Some celebrations include singing, dancing, and preparing special foods.A couple of unique holidays in Nigeria include: Nigeria New Year’s, held on January 1st, the first day of the Nigerian year. Independence Day, held on October first which states the day they received independence from the British. Some of the Muslim holidays that are celebrated in Nigeria include: Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Kabir, which can also be referred to as Sallah Day and Eid al-Adha. Some of the Christian holidays are Good Friday, Easter Monday, Christmas, and Boxing Day.Nigerian music includes different kinds of folk music that is known worldwide. The different styles of folk are related to each ethnic group in Nigeria. They all use their own techniques, instruments and songs. Traditional music from Nigeria and in west Africa is almost always functional. Functional music is performed during a spiritual ritual such as a wedding or funeral. Music in Nigeria is not meant to achieve goals or make money.Urban areas have a hard time accommodating the large number of people that migrate from rural areas. This makes the housing extremely difficult to find and expensive to buy. These homes consist of cement blocks that are covered by layers of cement. In urban areas, for the roofing, Nigerian builders use metal and wood sheeting. In rural areas, extended family members often live together to save money or in an area in which all of the homes are close together and surrounded by a fence. These areas are called compounds. The homes in rural areas are made from mud bricks which are left in The Sun to dry.Most women in Nigeria are housewives in which they take care of the home and raise their kids. Some jobs seen by women in Nigeria include jobs such as tailors, nurses, caterers, restaurant workers, housekeepers, receptionists, and owners of small shops. Although there are efforts of higher equality and respect for women, married women in Nigeria must do as her man wishes, she must do what he asks of her, not matter what the task is. The men in Nigeria, however run the household and make most of the money for his family. They are considered dominant over the women. Once a man dies, the oldest son in the family takes over, rather than his wife.