essay will discuss the case of Mr R who is 54 years old, male, experiencing a young
onset Alzheimer’s disease which leads to dementia. I will be discussing the
suitable evidences as it relates to the symptoms, presentation and patterns of
the disease. It will likewise give a
literature of the physical and social results of the issue. The International
Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) and The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual
of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) will be utilized as each emphasises its own points
of view on the idea of the disease.
ICD-10 characterizes dementia as a disorder that affects memory and thinking
considering which is adequate to disable individual exercises of daily living.
The disability of memory is noted to normally influence the organisation,
storing and recovery of new data. The criteria for dementia in Alzheimer’s
disease ill health should be met and also the age at starting should be below
65 years. Moreover, no less than one of the accompanying prerequisites must be
met: confirmation of a moderately fast beginning and movement, there must be aphasia,
agraphia and apraxia. In this case, the manifestations, presentation and pattern
of dementia of Mr R begin to show up as he attain the age of 54 years. Alzheimers
(2015) describes Alzheimer’s disease as a “degeneration brain disease that
usually begins gradually, causing a person to forget recent events or familiar
this scenario, Mr R judgement has turned out to be deteriorating and he finds
it harder to make vital and difficult choices.
Murray (2010) describes the common factors of Alzheimer’s, particularly
in his beginning periods is forgetfulness, losing things routinely, trouble
executing straightforward assignments and confusion. Mr R is however experiencing
issues in recalling bearings and on occasion seems perplexed, for example, he
forgot his wife at shopping.
the symptoms, presentation and patterns of Mr R dementia seem to begin at the
age of 54 years old. National Health Service (2016) describes Alzheimer’s to be
the most common form of dementia which is considered as a progressive
condition. As Mr R Alzheimer’s progresses, he began excessively to pull back
from his work ventures, having difficulty to attend pre-arranged appointment.
In addition, his memory condition continued to degenerate thereby affecting his
life and people around him, families and business associates. The budgetary
circumstances have also been influenced in the event that he is the primary
source of income and bread winner for the family. As a result, he ascribes that
to his age and shows up not to be mindful of his illness. His memory continued
to degenerate progressively which affects his capacities thereby causing a significant
decrease in his ability to function well. Trenoweth (2014) proposed a mini
mental state examination to determine the degree of dementia that has occurred
and its progressive stage.
However, there are three specific gene
connected to the beginning of dementia disease as described in Alzheimer
society. In this case, it was mentioned that his mother developed the condition
in her late 50s and passed on in her mid-60s. Thus, Miller (2016) proposes that
the hereditary way of legacy is considerably stronger in the larger part but the
reason is as yet unclear. Murray (2010) mentioned some of the example of
dementia disease as: mild, moderate and severe which can be determined by
characterizing the subcomponent factors identified with the disease, memory
reduction and subjective capacities.
the Alzheimer’s Society also describes individuals or people with dementia are
at prolonged danger of physical, medical problems and social effects. The idea
of the disease worsens with times and the results of physical changes and
social affects not just his every day activity, but also the life of people
around him such as children, friends and particularly business accomplice and
even his clients.
Mr R condition continued to deteriorates, he could no longer do things for
himself and he tends to become progressively frustrated. Additionally, his
appearance will turn out to be extremely difficult in the later stage and will
move toward becoming more inflexible about eating well.
may turn out to be physically unfit to control his substantial capacities, for
example incontinence, walking restlessness and wandering about. Mr R social
outcomes may also impacts on his daily activity, loss of connections, rest
interruption, social detachment and individual separation. Donnelly (2010) states that the moral issues
that will emerge with regards to Mr R disease will be for the most part
identified with self-rule or individual autonomy.
Mr R independence will consist of everyday cooperation with the professionals
and the family, his wife or daughters should subsequently assume control over
his work or an individual from the family should assume full time care with a
specific end goal to help his needs.
in all, dementia at any age is devastating to the individual’s capacity to stay
autonomous. Dementia is now known to be a progressive disease that affects
millions of people and the number is expected to grow in near future. However,
it is difficult to establish a single treatment option or a common known cure
for the disease. Person suffering with dementia cannot
control their symptoms and symptoms are often triggered by unmet needs. By understanding
the signs and symptoms really helps to get a good start on treating dementia by
obtaining an early diagnosis.
this essay, the symptoms and presentation of dementia related to Mr R was
discussed together with the concerns in line with all levels of dementia.