There are very few characters in this myth. One of the characters is Malin Kundang, and the other one is his mother. (Retell Myth)This myth is set in Sumatra, Indonesia, located in Southeast Asia, astride the equator. This myth is known by almost every Indonesian, and is a famous myth all over Southeast Asia in general. Countries like Malaysia even have their own versions of the myth, but with different names. However, as you probably can tell, it’s not so known anywhere else. This is considered an origin myth as it explains the origin of a rock on a beach in Sumatra. In Indonesian culture, the values that we ideally like to follow is the importance of family. The experiences and advice of elders are meant to be respected and, so is caring for parents in their old age. Indonesia’s economy is a relevant part of this myth as it is largely based on trading, exporting products like petroleum products, appliances, textiles, and rubber and imports chemicals, machinery, and food. Knowing this helps us understand how wealthy Malin Kundang came to be. He left, boarding a trading ship, and became a rich merchant. Seeing the wealth he gained, made him ashamed of his poor mother and his past life when he lived in poverty. This myth attacks the Indonesian mindset as realistically, Indonesians value money. They’re business-minded people due to the country’s developing potential, and they often think about money and property. There are many opportunities to be rich in Indonesia, but in order for that to happen, people often have to leave their families behind. For example, in the myth, Malin Kundang left his mother behind so he could work and earn money. The myth of Malin Kundang is meant to help us go and change our ways from the real values we practice to the ideal values we strive for. It reminds us that we should remember where we come from and not to forget about family. The way the myth does this can be understood in two different ways: The moral point and the psychological meaning of the myth. First, from a simple moral point, this myth can be said to exist as a testament to the punishment that will be meted out to those who choose to reject their parents. By demonstrating the clear cause-and-effect between disrespect and punishment, children learn the consequences of disrespect. It carries a moral warning about how grown ups and children should respect their parents. This helps reinforce desired behaviour from children from a basic, moral perspective.Moreover, for an individual, the myth is about learning to affirm oneself. It teaches us that you shouldn’t deny that you are who you were before and that you should choose to identify with your past, because it’s a part of you. Learning to live with and reconcile with a shameful past, instead of rejecting and forgetting it, is a necessary coping mechanism to learn in order to live a healthy, meaningful life. The myth of Malin Kundang teaches this, because while he is happy, he sacrifices important, salvageable relationships along the way. This myth is still relevant in contemporary society as it it a universal warning against disrespecting your parents, and only caring about yourselves. It has become a common idiom in the Indonesian culture, used to describe wicked children. For example, “Curse you, you Malin Kundang of a child.” In sounds better in Indonesian. It’s also still relevant because as I mentioned before, it is a famous myth all over Southeast Asia. This is evident in how it has been adapted into several movies, dramas, literature, and more. The two perspectives I mentioned before, moral and psychological, come together in the thematic statement: often when one denies their family in service to themselves, the loss of the relationship brings consequences which reminds one that nobody can exist alone. This thematic statement serves as a powerful guideline for individuals looking to navigate around the issues of modern society, balancing both family and self. Thank you for listening.