The learning, classical conditioning, and psychological manipulation.

The novel written by Aldous Huxley, Brave New World, demonstrates a dystopian civilization that anticipates topics such as consumerism, industrialism, and manipulation. In this profound society there are aspects such as reproductive technology, sleep- learning, classical conditioning, and psychological manipulation. There are controllers of the World State that focuses on successfully making efforts to remove strong emotions, desires, and human relationships from society in order to keep humans from deteriorating from their problems. A character named Mustapha Mond, one of the World Controllers, introduces the history of how the World State came to be from removing those key human traits and replacing it with sleep- conditioning, also called “hypnop?dia” in the book. The hypnop?dia lessons taught each individual living in that society to dislike the classes lower than what they were, such as Betas looking down on Gammas, Deltas, and especially Epsilons, the lowest class there is. This technology to control the society’s thoughts also lead to the creation of “soma,” which is a drug taken when anyone needs an instant gratification that controls the World State’s populace. But there are few characters such as Bernard, Lenina, and John the Savage, that challenge some of the World State’s ideals but ultimately lead these characters back to the conditioning ways they were taught when events got to each characters’ heads. Huxley’s “brave new world” aspects such as prejudice, technology to control society, as well as incompatibility of happiness and truth could develop in our world today, in some ways it already has to an extent. In Huxley’s novel, Brave New World, signifies the manipulation in children of the World State that are conditioned by hypnop?dia. In chapter one of the novel, Huxley introduces to the readers the “Bokanovsky’s Process,” which consists of one egg budding, proliferating, then dividing. This process will go from “eight to ninety-six buds, and every bud will grow into a perfectly formed embryo, and every embryo into a full- sized adult. Making ninety- six human beings grow where only one grew before. Progress” (17). As the bokanovskification series continues, it consists of manipulating each sectioned embryos to make up the classifications of the Alphas, the Betas, the Gammas, the Deltas, and lastly the Epsilons. The classes that got the most manipulation of course were the bottom three classes. The tubes filled with embryos were put through a hard X-ray as long as the eggs can stand, some died, but the rest were put through harsher conditions. After being put through the X-ray, the eggs would divide into two or four, maybe even eight, then they were chilled and chilled until they took them out and “dosed almost to death with alcohol… bud out of bud out of bud– were thereafter– further arrest being generally fatal– left to develop in peace” (18). When these eggs grow to be babies is when the sleep- conditioning begins, which consists of “mild electric shocks” that gave them sharp spasmodic yelps, and their bodies stiffen and twitch: “their limbs moved jerkily as if to the tug of unseen wires” (30). As the lessons continue, the children learn about the way they should see the other classes below them where they are conditioned to think that “Gammas are stupid” and “Epsilons are still worse. They’re too stupid to be able to read or write,” where in the children’s eyes are not in bad manners to the World State society to live in, whereas in our world today that would be totally unacceptable (35). In today’s society, prejudice has been seen as such a problem that it created major progression in the way we behave now through powerful movements, such as the Civil Rights Movement and Black Lives Matter. In history of the United States, we have out African Americans in the worst possible positions, from slavery that began in the seventeenth century where they were looked down upon and treated like animals, to today’s police brutality that uses unnecessary force on blacks. The Civil Rights Movement and Black Lives Matter movement, both originally formed in the black community but now promoting all freethinkers to stand up for what they truly believe in and campaign against violence and system racism towards people, but specifically African Americans. The Civil Rights Movement was able to accomplish its goal of ending legalized racial segregation and discrimination laws, as well as the legal recognition and federal protection of citizenship rights like any other person living in the United States at the time and as long as time goes. Similarly, the Black Lives Matter movement protests against police violence and issues such as racial profiling, police brutality, and racial inequality in the United States criminal justice system. Even though these movements are as powerful as they are and stand for what they are, it means that our society today developed some form of these unintentional prejudice habits for the vast majority of the population to support these organizations. Although Huxley’s “brave new world” is written more brutal to how prejudice to a certain class of people is created in their World State, there are similarities to how our society, past and present, treated African Americans in the United States. Technology in Brave New World controlled the World State’s society in such a manner that it illustrated the dangers of industrialism and consumerism. In Huxley’s “brave new world” a creation of advanced entertainment machines that generate harmless leisure and the constant consumption and production that is the basis of stability to the World State. The complicated entertainment machine is called “the feelies,” which science was build technology that can create seamless happiness through what nowadays would closely call 4-D movies. During the “feelies,” a character named John the Savage, who wasn’t born in the World State but born in the Reservation, was experiencing this form of entertainment for the first time. Huxley narrates that John is beginning to feel the sensations in his lips while watching the movie but when he lifted his hand to feel his mouth, “the titillation ceased,” but later began again to describe as “facial erogenous zones” that “tingled with almost intolerable galvanic pleasure,” that lead to the “oohs” and the “aahs” (154). The experience John was feeling was out of his norm because he lived on the Reservation, where he was mistreated and did not fit in due to his abnormalities to the rest of them. John has always worked for what he wanted so experiencing this new technology for the first time with the girl of his dreams, he did not “feel himself worthy of” because he was so terrified (155). As the story goes on, John the Savage ends up belittling himself and knocking down what he stood for by participating in what is called an “orgy- porgy,” where people of the World State begin to have a ceremony that ultimately ends in promiscuous sexual behaviors with one another. John ends up in the “orgy- porgy” when the World State’s people watch in on John whipping himself out of their own curiosity of the horror of pain, where repeatedly gathering and chanting, the hynop?dia conditioning triggers for no self- consciousness about sex with others. The citizens of the World State may seem extreme and bizarre at first but then as you evaluate the text more Huxley logically developed a version of our society’s economic values, in which an individual’s happiness is defined as the satisfy their wants over needs, therefore a society is equated to prosperity and growth that economy presents us with. For example, the latest iPhones are being manufactured and consumed by buyers almost every year that the company puts out new ones, and if you aren’t able to afford the latest and greatest thing and fall behind a couple of generations, society builds a tendency to ridicule those that do not have the newest technology. The dangers of industrialization and consumerism is that we lose ourselves to what we think defines us as a person, which is the declining popularity of the technology we own degrades us because we cannot afford another one? While the approach of Huxley’s “brave new world” is established through extreme points, nonetheless many clues point to the conclusion that today’s society moderately grown to how the World State is in the novel. Brave New World is filled with characters who take encompassing measure to avoid facing the truth and the emotion of their situation. The most universal drug that appeared in Huxley’s novel was the use of soma. Soma is a drug that is used to replace hardships of present events with happy hallucinations, thusly trying to promote social stability. According to Mustapha Mond, the World State prioritizes happiness at the expense of the truth because he believes that people are better off without the full truth than happiness. From Mond’s argument that happiness refers to the immediate gratification of everyone’s desire for sex, drugs, nice clothes, and other consumer goods. In Mond’s past indicates that the World State created the soma drug to cut off all kinds of human truths, such as love, friendship, and any personal connection. Furthermore into the story we found out that Mond became enlightened by finding new discoveries, just as John loved Shakespeare. The search for the truth involved a vast amount of individual effort that meant striving against the odds that Mond did not take part into. The very will in search for the truth as an individual desire was not allowed when Mustapha Mond created the World State because he did not get the chance too so no one else will. But these traits are what unite a kind of passion that an individual might feel for another person, like what John felt for Lenina when he first met her and imagined her as his Juliet, but later called her an “impudent strumpet” because she was so arrogant to his principles (177). When Lenina threw herself onto John his view of her as his Juliet shattered because he put her on this sacred pedestal that he was not allowed to touch until he felt worthy enough. But because Lenina threw herself on him he decided to whip himself on the back for self- atonement, unfortunately that lead to John using soma during the “orgy- porgy” to relieve the pain and troubles he was going through in his situation. When John participated in the “orgy- porgy” and remembered the “long- drawn frenzy of sensuality,” he lost everything he stood for in that one moment, John could be seen at the “bottom of the staircase… just under the crown of the arch dangled a pair of feet” (230- 231). Since the individuals have been programmed by this soma drug to be happy, those who feel dissatisfaction are confused to the point where they are unsure how to act, which lead to John grasping for his last attempt to keep his values true to himself. Like the drug soma in the World State, in today’s society many different kinds of drugs are consumed to relieve people of that painful situation they are in or to cover it up like nothing ever happened. In today’s society we see many people that suffer from hardships and use things like drugs and alcohol to suppress their problems when they are scared to go through the process of trying to find their way passed it. Like in Huxley’s “brave new world,” we already see development of this drug abuse problem today is on the rise in all fifty states in America, according to CNN reports. Narcotic addiction serves as self- medication that people use to make all things true disappear in replacement of unrealistic happy hallucinations. The rise of drug and alcohol abuse may momentarily dulls the pain that may arise, but in reality it never truly disappears automatically without addressing it the proper way. The incompatibility of handling happiness and truth that applies in the World State compares in our world today that could logically develop into taking substances to mask the truth over happiness in the future. Much of the novel, Brave New World, is demonstrating the works of putting words into controversial and emotional topics that show present in our world’s developing society. The prejudice, racism, and social bias written in the novel is an extreme form of a caste system but when comparing Huxley’s “brave new world” to our world today does not show much difference in treat people unintentionally, for the vast majority of us at least. As well as technology that has advanced immensely in the past century where the version of our society’s economic values today can be an individual’s happiness being defined as the satisfaction of their wants over needs. Furthermore, the incompatibility of happiness and truth could developing in our world today, in some ways it already has an extent similar to that of Huxley’s invision of a “brave new world.”