The seek the UNSC seat. This organ comprised

The United Nations is the most prestigious international organization in the world today,  formed in 1945 by the UN Charter signed by the Five countries that emerged victorious from the Second world,  the organization today has a membership of 196 countries which work together to curtail the outbreak of another world war through diplomatic and reconcilatory measures of resolving conflicts.  The United Nations primarily was formed to forestall the outbreak of another world war however its functions have since exceeded that,  today its performs the role of safeguarding the people?s lives and properties, it also promotes the conditions of socio-economic progress and development of its members in order to have a better standard of living for the people in their respective countries. Again, the body is also entrusted with the responsibility of building a strong political setting for its members , in order for the citizens to enjoy the dividend of democracy.  The UN membership is thus a necessity for any Nation which wants to protect itself from foreign aggression as well as reap the dividends of interdepence and mutual relationship in a globalised area.  To meet up with its Herculean duties and responsibilities, the UN Charter creates several organs which work hand to ensure world peace and also ensure that the decisions of the organization is being enforced .  This organs are the the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice and the Secretariat.  The most important and superior of all organs is the Security Council. The United Nations Security Council (UNSC)  is the action agency of the organization and plays a crucial role in the overall running of the UN.  Thus any nation that wishes to be important in the UN must first seek the UNSC seat. This organ comprised of fifteen members, where five are Permanent (P-5) members (China, France, the USSR, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and the other ten are non-permanent members. The non-permanent members were elected by the General Assembly for two year terms, without eligibility for immediate re-election . The power of veto given to the five permanent members of the Security Council made the organ a supreme one, because, every decisions made by the United Nations must be subjected to the approval of this engine room, that is, the P-5 of the UN?s Security Council.  The overwealming importance and power given to the P-5 has therefore lead to several calls for the expansion of the Council to accommodate other  interest of the entire world without been bias, these concerned efforts among others include: the November 25th, 1955 General Conference Review of the United Nations Charter 11, and a Special Committee constituted on the November 21st, 1967, to review the same Charter.  An increase in the number of Permanent members which currently is not opened to all representation is key to ensuring fairness, justice and adequate representation of the entire world in the United Nations? decision.  The several calls for an increase in the number of nations as the UNSC has ignited a jostle amongst Nations as to which nation will be admitted into the UNSC,  Nigeria thus as the giant of Africa,  has played part in this jostle by participating vehemently in the UN activities and also abiding to UN Principles.  Nigeria has been on of the key players in UN activities in Africa. In the inaugural speech delivered at the plenary session of the General Assembly in New York on October 8, 1960, the Late Prime Minister, Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa asserted that, “Nigeria would participate actively in the work of the United Nations Organisation and uphold the principles upon which the United Nations Organisation is found.  To this end Nigeria participated profoundly in the UN peace keeping missions to several countries including Congo,  United Nations Security Force in West New Guinea (UNSF) 1962-196