Though classical definition of health embraces all dimensions and aspects, there are still needs significant amendments with regard to newly emerged circumstances and contexts.
Hence, the World Health Organization defining health “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not merely absence of disease of infirmity” cannot be regarded as an objective evaluation of the entire meanings and concerns of today’s situation (The World Health Organization, as cited in Saracci 1409). At the conceptual level, the definition encounters the most serious challenges, which impair its leading role as far as the conflict between resources and health needs are concerned.
To be more specific, the current definition of health can be confused with the state of happiness. According to Saracci, “the distinction between health and happiness is crucially relevant in terms of rights, in particular “positive” rights or entitlements requiring societal actions to ensure that they effectively and fully materialize” (1409). To remove the existing ambivalence, the definition should describe health as a state of well being free of infirmity and disease and a universal human right.
Perspectives for Creating an Ideal Health Care Delivery System
In order to promote effective health reform and improve the situation with health in a global context, a global perspective on Health Care System should be associated with the introduction of a patient-oriented and innovated system. Hence, delivery of health should be personalized (Valdez et al. 3).
Open access and transparency, therefore, enable people to make importance decisions about their health, while focusing more in health promotion and disease prevention. In this respect, the introduction of industrial systems and engineering in the sphere of health care management will contribute to creating a optimized system of health care.
Health Care System: Examining the Main Problems within a Global Context
Health care system is a complex network of organizations and agencies whose activities are directed at providing health care to people. Promoting health and introducing disease prevention measures are among the main goals of medical care. In a global context, health issues and problems around the world are monitored by the World Health Organization (Shah n. p.).
The agency also controls almost all health care networks in different countries by looking at political, cultural, and national discrepancies. In particular, rights and freedoms related to health, unequal access to health problems, and education and gender issues are analyzed and controlled by the World Health Organization.
Physical Fitness and Public Health System
Public healthcare system has a potent impact on people’s willingness to engage in physical activities. In this respect, the major goal of public health institution is to provide a persuasive conception of physical fitness for people to be involved into improving their physical and mental health.
Therefore, improving health advocacy should become a priority to public activists who should make the population take part in physical activity (Bendtsen 35). In reality, despite the firmly fixed concept, large segments of the world population are not enough active, which increase a high attributable risk for acute disorders. Therefore, the urgent need for a more consistent health-promoting concept is enormous.
Working out relevant policies and programs can both economically and socially advance the welfare of the population and remove the need to introduce serious medical interventions (Bendtsen et al. 35). The conception is especially relevant for the developing economies, as well as for the countries where the obesity level exceeds the fixed norms.
According to Bendtsen et al., both public health system and the population should be equally willing introduce change into a healthy lifestyle and promote effective physical fitness concepts (36). As a result, the population “feel great responsibility for their own physical activity levels, but also attribute responsibility for promoting increased physical activity to health care practitioners” (Bendtsen et al. 34).
In this respect, a holistic approach should be used to bring in physical activities into a health public sector that, in its turn, can promote this tendency to people.
Outlining Problems and Main Barriers for Introducing Improvements to Health Care System
Because of unequal access to health care systems, as well as irrational allocation of resources, a global system of health care delivery encounters a number of problems. To begin with, health rights of individuals with regard to social, economic, and political aspects differ. Poverty and inequality is the results of the violation of the rights to health (Shah n. p).
The shortcomings of the problems relate to inconsistencies in terms of domestic legislations, observance of international declarations and absence of effective prevention and control of diseases. Access to the most essential medical services is also limited in developing countries.
Absence of transparency and equal access is also explained by inefficient information flow and innovative introduction to the sphere of health care. One of the main obstacles to achieving shifts in health care provision is associated with “structural and cultural traditions in the health care delivery system emphasizing only subsystem improvement and short-term outcomes and rewards” (Valdez et al. 2). Lack of knowledge and experience in handling IT information also hampers the process of improvement and promotion.
Along with the problem of unequal access and lack of innovative knowledge, effective management of human resources is another serious obstacle. At this point, human resources management significantly influences the situation in health care system because it identifies major financial circulations (Kabene et al. 3). It is also the main physical capital of health care institutions and, therefore, managers should pay closer attention to training programs for the employees.
The effectiveness of work carried out by health care personnel correlates with the benefits and performance the system delivers. In this respect, skills, knowledge, experience, and motivations of the individuals are the core pillars of successful management. In case there is a misbalance between physical and human resources, the health care organizations can face a serious problem while maintaining appropriate quality standards.
Kabene et al. support the idea that “HRM practices must be developed in order to find the appropriate balance of workforce supply and the ability of those practitioners to practice effectively and efficiently” (2). As a result, lack of adequate tools, such as those provided by ISE, and absence of experienced staff are contributing factors to recession in health care industry.
Facilitators to Achieving Success by introducing Industrial System Engineering to Health Care System
As it has been mentioned before, knowledge innovation faces significant barriers because of a conservative outlook on health care structure. In this respect, increasing awareness of the health care management, as well as recognizing the potential of the Industrial System Engineering can provide new perspectives for development and improvement. In addition, progress in acknowledgement of ISE tools and use of IT equipment can establish a favorable climate for introducing a health care reform (Valdez et al. 4).
While introducing ISE tools to health care, the major challenges have been faced. In particular, difficulty in re-formulating an obsolete way of thinking and lack of transparency can be eliminated if consistent measures are taken. Specifically, the ISE solutions will be divided into three steps.
The first one involves stimulating innovations with the help of ISE tools that will be combined with a sophisticated nature of medical care (Valdez et al. 6). The next step will focus on accelerating knowledge transfer to solve existing health care problems. Finally, integrating meta-knowledge to promote sustainability and capacity is also an important solution to the problem.
Action Plan for Introducing ISE Knowledge to Health Care Delivery
Before introducing the identified solutions to the health care system, it is necessary to define the areas where the interventions should take place. These areas involve human resource management, capacity structure, current state of technologies, existing knowledge about IT systems, and influence of research practices on information flow (Valdez et al. 15). All these dimensions can be effectively improved through collaboration, training, financing, distribution, and administration.
First, the introduction of ISE can contribute to increasing the number of stakeholders involved in improving health care system and promoting negotiations through reforms and projects. The development of partnerships among organizations and industries is also guaranteed. Second, enhancing personnel experience through training will foster the processional development and create a base for career fellowships.
Third, innovative technologies can attract investments and encourage communities to support different IT projects (Valdez et al. 15). Forth, distribution process and facilitate networking and publication of a new research articles, as well as support demonstration project in different health care organizations. Finally, introducing ISE tools is beneficial for effective administration and control of information flow and human resources.
Judging from the above presented solutions, effective management of ISE tools within health care system can also advance the quality standards of medical services. Because information flow is one of the most important conditions for successful patient treatment, health care organizations should strive to turn their institutions into state-of-the-art technological centers (Valdez et al. 17).
What is more important, presenting innovative ISE methods, health care organizations should introduce a patient-centered approach to treating clients and ensuring high quality and safety of health care delivery.
Judging from the above-presented concepts and solutions, an ideal health care system will be seen an integrated network with improved linkages and multiple channels for access. In addition, medical services will be delivered to a multi-cultural population irrespective of social, political, and economical conditions. Finally, health care system should be ubiquitous, flexible, and responsible (Valdez et al. 17).
Industrial System Engineering and Health Care: Analyzing the Outcomes
Apart from promotion health programs, introducing industrial system engineering research into public health system is also crucial for analyzing academic demands and creating effective models for solving problems. Specifically, the industrial engineering can advance the principles of quality improvement and facilitate the studies about innovative support systems (Industrial & Systems Engineering n. p.).
More importantly, developing computer system to teach people on the methods to eliminate the risks of incidents is also important. Finally, a matter of patient safety and analysis of practice patters is also necessary for better health care management (Industrial & Systems Engineering n. p.).
Overall, physical health activities increase people’s awareness of the responsibility they take for their moral and physical health. For instance, programs oriented on smoking cessation, exercise referral schemes, and weight management programs are recognized as highly important. Introducing such programs should result in a significant increase in quality of life, as well as greater people’s involvement in organizing their independent life.
Health is a multi-faceted notion embracing a variety of concepts and contexts. Public health system, therefore, should take effort to re-organize the health industry and introduce new concepts of physical fitness through the introduction of ISE technologies. Moreover, health care system should also reconsider the role of sport in life of people and provide new programs for patients.
At this point, it is possible to work out effective medical intervention along with a set of physical exercises. In particular, introducing effective IT tools can significantly enhance the quality of care and provide high perspective for further development. More importantly, innovated health care centers are more likely to attract investors and non-profit organizations.
Bendtsen, Preben et al. “Is There A Demand For Physical Activity Interventions Provided By The Health Care Sector? Findings From A Population Survey.” BMC Public Health 10 (2010): 34-41. Print.
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Kabene, Stefane, Orchard Carole, Howard John, Soriano Mark, and Raymond Leduc. The Importance of Human Resources Management in Health Care: A Global Context. Human Resources for Health. 4.20 (2006): 1-17. Print.
Saracci, Rodolfo. “The World Health Organisation Needs To Reconsider Its Definition Of Health.” BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition) 314.7091 (1997): 1409-1410. Print.
Shah, Anup. “Health Care Around the World”. Global Issues. 2011. Web 16 December 2011.
Valdez, Rupa Sheth, Edmond, Ramly, and Patricia Flatley Brennan. Industrial and Systems Engineering and Health Care: Critical Areas of Research. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 2010: 1-87. Print