The pieces of legislation merged see Appendix B.

The
Equality Act 2010 combined hundreds of pieces of legislation which together
makes up a new Act, to see the nine main pieces of legislation merged see
Appendix B. The Act simplifies, strengthens and harmonises the current
legislation to provide Britain with a new discrimination law which protects
individuals from unfair treatment and promotes a fair and more equal society
(Equality and Human Rights Commission, 2017). The Equality Act coming into
place provides the LGB community with protection from discrimination that they
never used to have and, although this does not stop people from committing hate
crime, it is a good start and a hopefully comforting notion that the government
and vast majority of people do not agree with and will not stand for the
prejudicial crimes.

The
Crown Prosecution Service have also put policies into place to tackle the
problem of hate crimes. They are building strong cases that are securing more
convictions – as shown by the decrease in acquittals in cases of homophobic
hate crime from 34% in 2015/16 to 27% in 2016/17 – doing so by challenging
unduly lenient sentences for homophobic hate crimes. An example of this is in a
Brighton case where two victims were attacked for being gay, the sentence for
the perpetrators was increased from 5 years to 7 years after the CPS referred
the matter to the Attorney General who took into account the homophobic aspects
of the case (CPS, 2017). The CPS have also teamed up with Stonewall and the
Ministry of Justice and introduced an anti-hate crime campaign in schools to
help educate young people on homophobic and transphobic hate crimes, hopefully
tackling the issue (True Vision, n.d.). By doing so, this will hopefully make
victims feel safe to come forward and report hate crimes to the police and also
stop them from happening in the first place.

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The
government have created an action plan called ‘Action against Hate’ which sets
out their plans to tackle hate crime until May 2020. It is an improved follow
up plan from their previous ‘Challenge it, Report it, Stop it’ plan from 2012.
It aims to work with communities and join up work across all hate crime strands
to ensure the best practice in tackling hate crime is utilized and understood
(Home Office, 2016). There are also many charities, groups and helplines in
place to support victims and also help educate to tackle the problem, for
example: Stonewall is an LGBT rights charity who campaigns across Britain for the
equality of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans people. They have provided
extensive research and reports giving us insight into LGB hate crimes and
suggestions on how the public, the police, the government etc. can help tackle
the problem. They also have a website in which you can visit for help and
advice and also find out what is available in your area – if you can’t find
what you’re looking for they also give a number you can call. Similarly, there
is a Stop LGBT Hate Crime Helpline which was launched in 2015 by Stop Hate UK
to provide direct and personal support to their strand of hate crime rather
than general hate crime support. Another major charity that has policies in
place to support LGB people is the LGBT foundation which provides online and
over the phone help, support and legal advice.