The out within the Parliament. Some of these

The legislative process works by a member of the European Parliament writing a report based on the idea presented to them by the Commission. The Commission is the only European institution that is allowed to initiate legislation. The Parliament committee then review the report and vote. They may also need to amend it. Once the Parliament has adopted its position, the process is repeated as many times as it needs to be so that the Council can come to full agreement with the Parliament on the subject.   The Assent Procedure, as it was previously known, was introduced by the Single European Act of 1986. It was introduced with two areas: association agreements and agreements governing accession to the European Union. As a non-legislative procedure, it often applies to the approval of agreements negotiated by the European Union or it may also be applicable in a case of breach of fundamental rights. It also deals with new countries wanting to join the European Union or those wanting to withdraw from it. As a legislative procedure, it can be used to deal with new legislation on discrimination.  Alongside the main legislative procedures discussed above, there are other procedures carried out within the Parliament. Some of these procedures include Opinion under Article 140 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (monetary union), Procedures relating to dialogue between management and labour, Procedures for the consideration of voluntary agreements, Codification and Implementing and delegated provisions. (European Union, 2017) The opinion under Article 140 Treaty on the functioning of the European Union is where the Council and the Commission deliver a proposal to the Parliament regarding the progress in fulfilling their obligations. The procedures relating to dialogue between management and labour considers the communication between the two sides and how they should conclude. The procedures of voluntary agreements are when the Commissions make it known to the Parliament that instead of using legislation that they will be operating under voluntary agreements. Official codification means the procedure to repeal the acts being codified and replacing them by a single act. (European Union, 2017) The Commission may try to implement provisions of existing legislation. These are then sent to the Parliament to be examined.  Another role that the Parliament occupies is general supervision of other European institutions. The parliament gained many of these powers from the Maastricht Treaty, which was signed in February 1992.  The Parliament holds the other European Union institutions to account in a number of important areas.  They ensure that everything is being done to keep the European Union a democratic organisation. The members of Parliament tend to have more of an outsider’s view of the European Union as a whole given that they are elected to the Parliament to represent their constituency and not to work directly for the European Union, this is in contrast to other institutions like the Commission who’s members aren’t accountable to the people but to their own government. The Parliament is the only European institution that tends to contain members who hold Eurosceptic views. The obvious and most well-known example is Nigel Farage and the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) who successfully lead a campaign to bring the United Kingdom out of the European Union through a democratic referendum in the United Kingdom in June 2016. It is in our view a good thing for the European Union to have members of Parliament able to express the views of their constituents, even if the views are Eurosceptic in nature as we feel that the European Union needs to listen to dissenting voices. Brexit should be a wakeup call to the other institutions in the European Union although how much they listen remains to be seen.  Another important function of the European Parliament is its role in electing the president of the Commission and the approval of the body as a whole. The Parliament can vote for a motion of censure which obligates the Commission to resign, this shows us that the commission can only do so much and if the Parliament disagree with their actions or views then they can act decisively to put a stop to it. Since 1994 the commissioners-designate has been required to appear before a European Parliament hearing. While under the Lisbon treaty the European Union heads of state have proposed a candidate for the role of president of the Commission, the candidate is actually elected by the Parliament. The Commission must regularly submit reports to the Parliament which includes a yearly report of all European Union activities and how the implantation of the budget has gone. Every year the president of the Commission gives their state of the union address to the entire European Parliament. The Commission is required to respond to both oral and written questions from the members of the European Parliament. The European Parliament also have the ability to ask the European Court of Justice (ECJ) to take actions against the Council or Commission if it feels they have acted in a way which is contradictory to the spirit of