The and Puerto Rico making it one or

 The “No Child Left Behind Act” is a set of
federally funded education initiatives in order to close performance gaps in
the education system. The bill promotes providing all students with equal and
unbiased opportunity for their education. This bill is implemented in schools
across all fifty states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico making it one
or the most important and famous education bills today. Each student in America
is tested by the standards of the No Child Left Behind Bill frequently throughout
their school career. Since 1965 its estimated that the United States has spent
approximately three hundred twenty-one billion dollars on education initiatives
to aid disadvantaged students. However, studies have concluded that only
thirty-two percent of fourth graders can read at their grade level’s standards.

light of this, both parties have now started pushing for reforms on the
arguments that the bill has not been enforced effectively. Many believe that
the testing from the law has caused less time to be spent on subjects other
than math and reading thus, pushing students into a less well-rounded education
that’s not preparing them for college or a career. Many believe that the law
needs to be reformed and aimed back at its original goal which is to provide
aid for disadvantaged students. These disadvantaged students and schools should
be pinpointed and receive specific aid for their own personal success needs.
Studies done have shown that to ensure the original outlines of the law it
would cost approximately seven billion dollars, while the budget for the Bill
only authorizes four hundred million. This makes reforming the law more
relevant than ever in order to ensure the students of our Nation an equal and
well-rounded education that will give way to college and fulfilling careers.

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            The No Child Left Behind federally requires each state to
inaugurate state and academic standards and a rigorous state testing system to
ensure the success of all students. The bill gained bipartisan support when it was
first implemented by President George W. Bush who signed it into law on January
8, 2002. States are required to give these tests in the subject’s math and
reading from grade three to eight and once in high school.  Accountability, flexibility, research-based
education and parent options are the four main objectives are outlined in the
Bill as guidelines for the states to help children be more successful in
schools and on the specific required tests. States are held accountable for
student improvement with Adequate Yearly Processes (APY). States that did not
adhere to the new bill’s requirements or that did not meet Bill’s goals were at
risk of losing their Title One funding. Title One was created under the
Elementary of 1965 and Secondary Education Act and provided federal funding to
schools for disadvantaged students. 
Although these requirements were not mandatory the States were motivated
to adhere to them in sight of losing funding because Title One was now being
connected with the No Child Left Behind Act.

the law was put into effect in 2002 similar problems have started to arise from
schools over the fifty states.     The
law has increased the growing impact the Federal government has on state
schools, which is in the regulation of the state. Some believe that No Child
Left Behind is unconstitutional because it’s ideally required to be handled at
the state level according to the Constitution’s Tenth Amendment.  The Federal emphasis on math and reading has
narrowed curriculums across the nation to ensure that their students would pass
these mandated tests. This has caused subjects such as social studies, arts,
physical education and foreign languages to be minimized in schools across the
nation. Also, the law has been greatly underfunded because the federal spending
has never reached the exalted goals the law configures. For example, in 2015
the goal for Title One was to be able to provide schools throughout the nation
with twenty-five billion dollars in aid, however, Title One was only provided with
fourteen and a half billion in aid that year. The law has effectively increased
school expenditure to about six hundred per student to provide additional aid
in their instruction and educational support. With these new expenditures, we
still fail to see very much return on our investment.

            The No Child Left Behind Law has also greatly affected
teachers in and out of the classroom. Not only are they encouraged to teach a
narrower curriculum to gain high Adequate Yearly Processes, but they are
required to take more assessments and achieve more requirements in order to be
able to teach students. These new requirements have contributed to the
nationwide teacher shortage. The shortage is felt most in already limited
subjects such as math, special education, and science. It has greatly affected
places such as inner city and rural areas where teachers are already hard to
obtain. This new ideal teacher is known by No Child Left Behind as a “Highly
Qualified Teacher”.

              Even with all the
new requirements in 2010 thirty-eight percent of schools had failed to make
their targeted Adequate Yearly Processes. This number had raised from
twenty-nine percent in 2006 and would continue to rise. In 20011 over fifty
percent of schools in the Nation were failing to make their Adequate Yearly
Processes. These percentages were so high that they called for immediate action
and on September 23, 2011, President Barak Obama handed out waivers to
forty-two states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. These wavers
granted states with more flexibility from key requirements in the law in order
to gain more support for the Obama administration. His administration called
for new reform and redesign of testing, standards, and teachers in schools
across the Nation.

              There are many solutions
to the problems No Child Left Behind is facing. Firstly, the goal of the law
needs to be restored to what it was originally, a way to help disadvantaged
students across the Nation by providing them additional educational support.
The National Education Association has started to build plans in order to
revise and improve No Child Left Behind. Five main priorities have been set out
to build a more stable foundation in order to implement progress in our
schools. Firstly, they want to create a new process for restoring
accountability and rewards for the teachers. Secondly, they would like to
provide and motivate families with ways to promote education in the home and
community. Thirdly, continue to keep screening potential educators in order to
ensure that they meet all the qualifications and thus would allow them to
reduce class size and focus more on each student in a smaller classroom
environment. They will continue to provide aid to public schools to ensure our
educators have adequate resources to teach our students.  This would need more Federal Aid to be
distributed towards reducing class size and more intensive tutoring.

            The tutoring and curriculum also need to be focused on
more than just passing the Federally mandated tests. This curriculum needs to
be opened if we want to provide our students with the well-rounded education
that they deserve, and that will allow them to be successful in the future.
This tutoring can be monitored by the National Assessment of Educational
Progress (NAEP). The National Assessment of Educational Progress will be able
to provide accurate studies that can see how the new reforms are helping
disadvantaged students and how we can then improve further.

             Teaching standards
should also be raised at the entrance level of teachers so that those who are
entering will be able to ensure that they will be able to meet future
requirements. After the teachers have met these requirements they should be
trusted to write their own tests and use standardized tests only for domestic
purposes with sample groups of students rather than the whole classroom. Most
high performing nations do not test each student each year. By reducing the
size of the class and trusting the teachers we hire we will be able to increase
their effectiveness and teach an advanced and more diverse curriculum for our
students. This will be able to better prepare our students and country for a
better future.

             All these
solutions are feasible with the reconstruction and managing of the budget for
No Child Left Behind. Less money will need to be allotted for testing each
student each year. Testing samples of students for domestic purposes will
copiously reduce the costs of testing. Also under No Child Left Behind, each
and every year school districts are required to notify the guardians of the
child if they’re eligible to transfer schools. The school district is then
required to pay for the student to transfer schools and provide the guardians
with at least two new school options for the student. Last but not least, if
the child is in need of special transportation to and from the new school the
school district will also pay for that special transportation to and from the
school each and every day.

            However, studies have shown that very little guardians
have decided to transfer their students to the new school. The districts
requirements of providing each family with two schools each year have wasted
great amounts of time and money. The transfer system should be changed to an on
request system where it only is only opened up to families who have requested
the change. This option, after reform, will most likely be used even less than
it is now. Without standardized tests, a more diverse curriculum and teaching
our teachers in a way that we can trust them will limit the amount of problems
students have in the classroom. If a problem does arise, then the smaller and
more personal classes will allow our educators to more fully be able to address
these problems and make progress for the student’s success.

would not only save time but cut down spending and those funds could be
allotted to other movements in the law. Expenditure per student has increased
by about five hundred seventy since the No Child Left Behind began. This
expenditure is in part due to unneeded costs such as unnecessary testing of
each student each year and transferring and transportation costs for those who
transfer. By bringing these costs back down and eliminating the unnecessary
spending we can fully utilize the four hundred-million-dollar budget.

             These reforms will
not only make our budget better but they will help our society progress as a
whole. By teaching our students proficiently we can bring ourselves into a
better and more equipped future. The bipartisan support for reform of the law
should provide aid and support for the desperately needed changes. These
changes are desperately needed because they affect our students and educators
each and every day. With the political and social support, the
four-hundred-million-dollar budget will be able to be used wisely and
proficiently after cuts backs have been made on unnecessary expenditure.

            The No Child Left Behind Law, after reform, will be
equipped to better the lives and education of our students and educators. After
getting back to the original essence of the bill we will be able to see the
progress that was desired in 2002 and continues to be desired today. We need to
provide each student with equal and adequate education, disadvantaged or not,
prepare them for a more diverse and complex future.