The it comes to respecting women as well,

The ted talk starts out by saying
that most people think that there is no correlation between science and human
values and that they are two separate entities. However, the speaker goes on to
say that this is merely not true and that it is an “illusion”. The speaker
talks about a continuum of facts. His example explains well-being as being
either in total despair or being totally happy and having opportunities
available. However, he explains this continuum that there are things in between
both these extreme states that should be considered as well and that there are
many factors that could affect how someone moves on the continuum. The speaker
goes on to say that culture can have a big influence on people and therefore
culture can change the brain and how people think about things. Moreover, he
switches to talking about well-being as a moral landscape and explains that
there are many different peaks that represent the same thing. He relates this
to a food pyramid where there is not just one nutritious food that everyone
should be eating, but there is a plethora of different things can give the same
health benefits. The speaker talks about how even though there are different
options of doing things does not mean the right option should be discounted if
not used. For example, if one of the main principles in chess is to not lose
the queen and someone loses their queen on purpose to further their moves, it
does not mean they are wrong to do that. There are exceptions to rules or
principles and that does not mean the objective principle is in any way wrong
or discounted. The speaker then talks about cultural relativism. Why should
pretend we know what is going on in that culture? Why should we say that this
is not right? But the speaker also gives both sides of cultural relativism. Why
should we pretend that we know this is not wrong to do and keep allowing women
to basically be shamed their whole lives? Why should we keep pretending that we
must be non-judgmental? However, the speaker also talks about how our society
is not perfect when it comes to respecting women as well, but he brings back
the idea of a continuum where there must be a better place that brings a more
balanced view for women of not being covered head to toe, but also not being on
magazine covers. The speaker then goes on to talk about the divine command
theory and about how there are figures who think they know all the answers
about morality based on things the gods have told them. He says that only thing
he agrees with about this theory is the fact the world needs universal
morality. Some of the speaker’s last notes touch on the fact that there should
be a domain of expertise for morality and that everyone/ every culture’s
opinions should not count just like everyone’s opinions do not count when
talking about science (Facts) . His closing statement was: “We simply must
converge on the answers we give to the most important questions in human life
and to do that we have to admit that these questions have answers.” This
statement resonates because it touches again on the idea of universality and
that there should be standards put in place for the whole world and that
hopefully one day the world will get to common ground on the idea of morality.