The In the Virgin Theotokos, the Virgin Mary

The Virgin of Guadalupe by Miguel Gonzalez in 1698 is and was an artwork that was intended to function as a devotional object similar to the Virgin Theotokos and Child between Saints Theodore and George. In the Virgin of Guadalupe, the Virgin Mary is represented as an ashen-skinned Madonna where an eagle on top of a cactus is situated below. She is encrusted with shells, which is a type of art style called enconchado. This leads to the sparkling shine of the piece that brings the attention of the viewer. She is surrounded with four angelic figures that each present a roundel depicting the events leading up to the making of the artwork.  In the Virgin Theotokos, the Virgin Mary is depicted in the center of the artwork, her eyes gazing away from the viewer and the child at her lap. At her side are two soldier saints which are looking directly at the viewer. The angels above are seen gazing at the hand above, which is thought to be the hand of god. Both of the artworks have different depictions of the Virgin Mary because of the regions they were made in. In the Virgin of Guadalupe, Mary is depicted as an ashen skinned woman, to convey that she may be a mestizo or born in the New Word. She is encrusted with shells, an art form called enconchado, an inspiration from a Japanese style of art form. Even though the Virgin Mary is a European influence, her depiction is of New World and Asian art form. In the Virgin of Theotokos, she is depicted as a white woman and is depicted less slender as the Virgin of Guadalupe. The artpiece form is encaustic on wood, a more traditional European art form. The devotional function of both artworks is very different in the audiences it is supposed to appeal to. In the Virgin of Guadalupe, her ashen skin and the shown apparitions to the Indian artist Juan Diego shows that her target audience is of New World natives. The content in the artpiece is supposed to be relatable to the audience, helping convert the natives to Christianity. In the Virgin Theotokos, the Virgin Mary is depicted as an early European woman. She is shown as an icon, along with the child, the saints, the angels, and the hand of god. The art piece was never intended to convert peoples, but to be worshipped by the huge following of Christianity in the Byzantine Empire