The dawn of the First World War has

The dawn of the First World War has brought numerous calamities causing instabilities across the globe.The Peace Conference held in 1919 in the Palace of Versailles. The meeting held in the Palace of Versailles by the allies of the First World War. The primary objective of the conference was to evaluate the consequences of the war and set up a series of treaties to prevent future global conflicts from happening ever again.These settlements have morphed empires into separate countries. Germany was in the spotlight of the conference that disciplined for the actions done during the war, due to the sheer amount of destruction and chaos inflicted on the allies. Various historians believe the Paris Peace Conference was a success. Nonetheless, other historians think it was a disaster. “The Big Three” consisted of Woodrow Wilson (U.S.A.), David Lloyd George, (Britain) and George Clemenceau (France).Each country had differing demands from the treaties that would be proposed. France due to immense casualties was seeking revenge and compensation for the fallen men and infrastructure.Britain had similar intent; however, there were more subtle with a consideration of the future consequences. The United States, on the other hand, was on the other side of the spectrum compared to France. Attempting to promote peace by having ideological beliefs that none of the countries mentioned above would have agreed upon.Firstly, we may consider the participants of the conference itself.Various participants of the war did not attend the meeting such as Russia and Germany. Excluding Germany has made the treaty to seem like in favor of the allies causing the German population to be infuriated causing extreme nationalistic ideas to rise. Russia did not participate due to the recently implemented Communist regime, causing instability and disorganization; therefore, the government wasn’t entirely stable to take part in such colossal decisions.We may also consider the Treaty of Brest- Litovsk the reason for which Russia did not participate in the conference, since giving up territory and resources to Germany may seem as betrayal in the eyes of the allies. Historians believe the peace treaty between Germany and Russia was necessary due to the uncertainty in the government.The Treaty of Saint Germain, signed in 1919, was to terminate the Austro-Hungarian Empire.The treaty decreased Austria to twenty-five percent of its original, pre-war land area, simultaneously making it into a landlocked state and losing its industrial regions of Bohemia and Moravia to Czechoslovakia.Dalmatia, Bosnia, and Herzegovina were joined together to form Yugoslavia. Austrian military significantly decreased to 30,000 soldiers as well as Anschluss with Germany was strictly forbidden.The treaty may be viewed as a failure as a result of having smaller states, caused them to be less efficient as being as an independent government.It could also be potentially argued weakening the Austrian military was a significant success hence the treaties were supposed to bring placidity and decrease the chances for conflict to take place in Europe.The Treaty of Trianon was signed a year after The Treaty of Saint Germain. Similarly to the Treaty of Saint Germain, Hungary had to recognize the independence of the newly formed states of Czechoslovakia, Poland, Yugoslavia, and Hungary. Hungary lost Slovakia, Ruthenia, and Bratislava to Czechoslovakia while Croatia and Slovenia joined Yugoslavia.Military reduced to 35,000 men.This treaty has similar failures, and successes to the Treaty of Saint-Germain as the states were weak as well as lowering the military power. Similarly to the treaties mentioned above, Bulgaria was compelled to sign The Treaty of Neuilly in 1919.The agreement consisted of handling the Aegean coastline to Greece, causing one of the most profitable trade routes, in the Mediterranean Sea to be lost along with other territories to newly formed Yugoslavia.300,000 Bulgarians found themselves under the rule of different countries simultaneously reducing the military to 20,000 men.The treaty itself may be described as a failure since it has substantially crippled Bulgarian economy, furthermore causing the public to be infuriated, causing hatred to be built up towards the allies, later on, casing Bulgaria to side with Germany during the WWII.Albeit the primary target of the conference was achieved due to the similar successes mentioned above.The Treaty of Sevres aimed to wipe the Ottoman Empire from the face of Europe.Britain, France, and Italy sought to benefit national interests in the region resulting the outcome of the treaty to seem harsh and humiliating.Italy was pursuing territory as a bonus for joining the Entente powers. Meanwhile, Britain wanted to extend its influence over the natural resources of Iraq and Iran. The U.S.A. concurrently sought Armenian independence as compensation due to the genocide caused by the Ottoman Empire. The treaty stated to abandon all claims to its Arab and North African territory, massive loss of areas from its previous empire and Turkish finances put under the rule of the allies.Moreover, the demilitarisation of the army set to 50,000 men and six torpedo boats; no air force may be obtained.Undoubtedly the treaty was met with immense opposition causing nationalist movements under the control of Mustafa Kemal Pasha causing various territories to be fought over for independence.This convention is a clear example of how the treaty was a successful failure, not only it had produced more conflict to be broken out due to rise in nationalism and how quickly it took into effect in such a short amount of time. On the retrospect, the treaty may also be considered as a success since it has remarkably degraded the Turkish economy and military.The major success of the Peace Conference was the formation of the League of Nations.The League of Nations was an international organization aimed to resolve international clashes.Despite what seemed like a success turned one of the causes of the outbreak WWII. On multiple occasions, the League of Nations has failed to guarantee peace. One of the examples may be the Manchurian crisis where Japan merely has ignored all of the threats thrown its way after the invasion of Manchuria. Eventually, Japan quietly left the League.The aggression shown has allowed other countries to consider League to be incompetent to keep nations under control.    In conclusion, the main ambition of the Paris Peace conference was to bring stability, tranquility and prevent any future conflicts from happening ever again.The confronting interests of the Big Three made the wrong decisions such as large demilitarisation and loss of land to be a crucial mistake while the treaties were drawn out.Decisions made had brought peace to Europe for a short time nonetheless these decisions were made to primarily benefit the interests of The Big Three alternatively to Europe as a whole. The self-interests has caused various treaties to be cruel and merciless due to the political instability, destruction of the empires and economic uncertainty resulting in loath and thirst for revenge from the allies, causing the possibilities of another war to rise much higher.It could be argued the biggest failure of the conference was the territorial loss. Land that was lost to the same foreign forces that were now controlling areas of their sovereign country, besides, the people within those regions were ruled by their enemies.