The debate over the land of the Mohawk people has been going on since 1717 when King Louis the 15th ordered the seminary, a Roman Catholic order based in Paris, that established a mission on Mount Royal in 1676. Its objective was to convert the native people of Kanehsatà to Christianity and to move the mission which would grant the seminary 9 square miles of land near the Lake of Two-Mountains. This shows that this land dispute has been going on for over 300 years. An examination of the Mohawk rights and freedoms in Canada, that everyone in Canada has the right to “freedom and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication,” clearly stated in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, as well as the Mohawk Tribe being the first settlers to the land, will show that there were no problems as to what they were doing for their land. They were trying to protect the land,wildlife and history from getting removed or destroyed. Firstly, everyone in Canada has the right to “freedom and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication,” clearly stated in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. During the dispute, the Quebec police violated the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, by turning a simple protest into what is known today as the Oka crisis. The police violating the natives right to peaceful protest on the land that the Mohawks called their ancient burial grounds. Also, the police conducted multiple raids on the Mohawk tribe of Kanehsatà, using tear gas and concussion grenades to try and scare away the tribe on the July 11th raid. “A number of senior SQ officers had recognized the dangers of the operation in the Pines and had recommended sending in a specialized team of criminal negotiators. But they lost the internal debate on tactics.” However, close to the end of the crisis, the federal government agreed to purchase the Pines in order to prevent further development. The golf course expansion was then cancelled after the 78 day standoff. Secondly, the land that is in Oka, was first given to the Mohawk, Algonquin and Nipissing tribes, in the early ages of 1670’s. So the first settlers were there after the native tribes. The land is called disputed territory, which means two different people/groups fight over the land. So people in Oka believed it was theirs, while the Mohawk tribe believed it was theirs. The Mohawk people were given this land by the governor of New France in 1721, when two small villages were built by the Seminary, one for the Mohawk and one for the Algonquin and Nipissing. Although the mission was supposed to hold the land in trust for the Mohawks the Seminary expanded this agreement to grant itself sole ownership rights without the Mohawk, Algonquin and Nippising tribes knowing, which ended up causing the Oka crisis later on. The Sulpicians, “a member of a congregation of secular Roman Catholic priests founded in 1642 by a priest of St. Sulpice, Paris, mainly to train candidates for holy orders,” began to sell cleared land to white settlers at great profit. In the end, this land was rightfully a part of the Mohawk tribe. In conclusion, everyone in Canada lives under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, including indigenous groups and people. The Mohawk tribe belongs in Canada, and the land belongs to the tribe. Therefore they live under their rights and freedoms as well as Canadians. Canada has made sure everyone that lives here, lives a life where they are accepted and independent. Since Canada is a home to many indigenous groups, they must give the same rights and freedoms to them. After the 78 day standoff between the Quebec police alongside the Canadian armed forces and the Mohawk tribe of Kanehsatà one officer died and nothing really happened to improve the relations between natives and Canadians, The golf course did not end up getting further developed. “Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announces the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. This commission is established to address many issues of Aboriginal Status that came to light with the Oka Crisis.” This event is known as one of the largest indigenous movements in Canada.