term Democracy has been derived from two Greek words, demos and kratos. Kratos
means power or rule while demos can signify either the body of citizen as a
whole or a particular part of the citizenry, namely the poor, the lower
classes. Aristotle was among those who choose to use the term as signifying the
ruler of the poor. Democracy itself was a frequent theme in Aristotle`s ethical
and political works. Aristotle`s theory of democracy is more than a particular
application of his political philosophy.it tends to judge, recommend or rejects
the model of democracy.
turn to the main object of my article: the attempt to present and assess
Aristotle`s critique of democracy.it consists of three main points: one dealing
with the classification of democracies, another on the notions of distributive
justices and equality and third one other relevant considerations such as
freedom, leisure and rule of law.
shall turn now to Aristotle’s classification of democracy. Aristotle does not
merely describe difference type of democracy but also evaluate them, this is an
area where many of principles which dominate his theory of democracy. According
to Aristotle’s fullest definition, a constitution is:
regulation of the offices of the state in the regard to the mode of their
distribution and the question what is sovereign power in the state and what is
object of each community. (1289a16-19)
is clear that there are main aspects identified in the above.one is
constitutional and concerns the argument of political offices, but other is of
a more normative nature. It points to the aims of the community and it implies
that the philosopher is concerned to classify constitutions according to a
criterion which nowadays would be debatable to see the least.
second discussion of principles which shape Aristotle’s conception of democracy
by examining three further principles: leisure, freedom and the rule of law.
Although Aristotle is not very informative about them, they deserve some
attention, if for different reasons.
is important to Aristotle since he regards the lack of it as serious obstacle I
developing political excellence. As such, it is used to justify his low
political estimation of the lower classes and to castigate democracies, which
depend on this class.
are accused of placing too much emphasis on freedom. Rather than proposing a
different conception of freedom, Aristotle attempts to show that other
considerations are more important.
the rule of law is very important both for the Aristotle and democrats. But it
is subordinate notion for Aristotle , since broadly speaking it is the nature
of constitution which defines what constitutions good laws, as a result, `the
democrats` version of the rule of is found waiting, though it is still thought
to be a far better situation than the lakes of law.
believed that a political community must not cater for the peaceful coexistence
of its members.it should be organized in a way which aims at the achievement of
good life. By good life Aristotle does not mean a simply a life of affluence. A
good life is, for Aristotle, a life which corresponds to the most important
human characteristics, reason.
is the nature of Aristotle’s discussion of democracy that this article had to
deal with several distinct topics.in the context of these topics conclusions on
the various aspects of Aristotle’s theory of democracy were produced.