Some board, Singapore, 2017). As Geylang is a

Some of Singapore’s earliest settlers lived in Kallang. They were boat-dwellers whose descendants still reside in the area today (National library board, Singapore, 2017). Initially the place was made up of a long stretch of sand and mud with mangrove and swampland covering the Kallang Basin. But, it was later cleaned up for the development of Kallang Riverside Park which made water-skiing popular activity now.

In the past, the people are known as Orang Kallang and they were boat dwellers who live in swamps at the mouth of the Kallang River which is the longest river in Singapore, flowing from Peirce Reservoir to the coast at Nicoll Highway.

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Hence, Kallang was named after the community. Some of the prominent landmarks in Kallang were the National Stadium (1973) and the Singapore Indoor Stadium (1989) (National library board, Singapore, 2017). There are also some other variant names which were used for “Kallang”. The word was related to corruption of the Malay word kelang which means mill or factory. As there used to be many saw mills and rice mills in the area, the place is also known as a shipbuilding place (National library board, Singapore, 2017).

On the other hand, Geylang was spelt as Gaylang or Gelang in the early years which means anklet in Malay. In the past, there were Gaylang village and Pulo Gelang (Geylang Island). It is where the Orang Laut (sea nomads) resided at the mouth of the Singapore River. But it vanished during the land-fills and reclamation of the Kallang Basin.

It used to be a place with large coconut plantation (National library board, Singapore, 2017). There were people who also suggested that Geylang is a corruption of the Malay word kilang which meant press, mill or factory (National library board, Singapore, 2017). As the place used to be a large coconut plantation which produced oil from dried coconut flesh. The settlement named the place Geylang Kelapa (kelapa means coconut) (National library board, Singapore, 2017). As Geylang is a huge area, Geylang Serai is also a town centre located along Geylang where it’s history came from the lemon grass related industry. The word serai means lemon grass in Malay (National library board, Singapore, 2017).

During the late 1960s, there was a growing dispute among the different races as Geylang had a concentrated area of Malays and Chinese villages. This resulted in a communal riot which affected Geylang (National library board, Singapore, 2017).