Skirmishes British army by land and by sea.

Skirmishes between British and colonial troops kicks off armed conflicts between the States and Britain. By the summer of 1775, growing tensions caused the rebels to begin waging a full-scale war for their independence (“American Revolution History.”). Even though Washington wasn’t used for every battle, he was used in the ones that counted. One of these battles was the Battle of Saratoga. Some say this was the battle that turned the tide of the war (Fleming). The Battle of Saratoga was actually two battles.  In the first, fought at Fort Ticonderoga, the British general, John Burgoyne, won with ease. The next battle occured on October 7th, when the British attacked again. Washington sent Benedict Arnold, his best infantry commander, two continental brigades, and a Crack regiment of Virginia riflemen led by Colonel Daniel Morgan. Soon Burgoyne had to surrender. This convinced the French to officially sign on the States’ side of the war. The French later on supported Americans with troops, supplies, ammunition, and guns (Fleming). The French later proved themselves by helping to win important battles.Later on in the war, in arguably the most important battle, the French and Americans fought the British at the Battle of Yorktown. Before this battle, the French fleet departed for Chesapeake Bay, the same day General Cornwallis chose Yorktown as his base. Yorktown was at the mouth of Chesapeake Bay (“The Battle of Yorktown Begins”). Wahshington’s plan was to cut off the British army by land and by sea. Using the French Naval fleet, and the army he had with him, he successfully blocked the British in by September 28 (see picture below). The French and Americans constantly bombarded them day and night with cannons and artillery. After about three weeks, the battle ended on October 17, 1781 when the British conceded. The peace treaty was later drawn up in France and accepted by both nations in 1783.