The soft-hearted Mahavira had a thirst to help each and every living being on Earth and wanted to remove their all kinds of sufferings. Thus, he became a wandering ascetic.
After 12 years of search and wandering, the generous Mahavira achieved Kevalnayana (illumination) at the age of 42. He did not confine his knowledge to himself; in fact he rather spread the new faith worldwide.
The sole motive of Mahavira was to make this world a calm and peaceful place to live in. His main principles and teachings were:
(i) ‘Live and let live’, i.e. we should live in harmony in this world without harming others.
(ii) ‘Ahimsa Parmo Dharma’ which means the religion believing in non-violence.
(iii) Belief in Karma theory, i.e. future life depends on present actions.
(iv) Everyone has the ability to become Tirthankara or God by his/ her good deeds in life.
Lord Mahavira showed to the world the true path – the path of non-violence and ‘lives and let live’ (co-existence). His incomparable teachings are a priceless asset to the whole world.
Those teachings were relevant not only in the past but are also today. Rather in this world marred with violence, his teachings have become much more relevant than they were m the past. In fact never shall a day come when mankind will not need to follow his teachings.
It may be added here that Jains consider Diwali to be one of their greatest festival as it was on this day that Lord Mahavira attained Nirvana. After serving the world for many years, he breathed his last at Pavapuri in Bihar in 527 B.C.