Corruption means perversion of morality, integrity, character or duty out of mercenary motives (e.g. bribery) without regard to honour right or justice.
In public life a corrupt person is one who bestows undue favour on some one with whom he has monetary others interests (e.f. nepotism). Simultaneously, those who genuinely deserve those things as their right remain deprived.
Not a new phenomenon: corruption in public life is not a modern phenomenon. It was prevalent in the political and civic life of even Maurya period as has been discussed by Chanakya in the Arthashastra. (Give other examples).
But it is only recently that corruption has become rampant in our public life. People no longer protest against corrupt practice, fight injustice or express any shock when big scandals are exposed.
Also corruption is not a uniquely Indian phenomenon; it is witnessed all over the world (USA, Japan, Italy, etc).
Forms of corruption in India: Explain bribery, nepotism, theft and wastage of public property, dereliction of duty etc.
Extent of corruption: Start with a hospital where a child is born and move further on to education-system, career opportunities, political system, judiciary, law and order, other day-to-day activities till post marten report and crematorium.
Results of corruption: Individual suffering, people lose faith in the existing system, prevalence of chaos and anaemia, society disintegrates, country becomes weak, foreign invasion may occur.
Causes of corruption: It is a vicious circle. Start with those politicians who run the state, come down to higher officials then to the lowest wrung of bureaucratic hierarchy.
Lastly, come to the general people who elect the corrupt people as their representatives and expect special favours form them.
How to eradicate corruption: A comprehensive code for ministers, members of legislature and political parties, and such code should be strictly enforced; judiciary should be given more independence and initiative; law and order machinery should be allowed to work without political interference; a voluntary organisation at national level should be established to break the vicious circle.
Our entire system is bound to collapse if we do not rise to the occasion and face the glaring truth with courage, foresight and patience.