Brahmos has a target range of about 290 km. with 200-300 kg payload of conventional warhead mass depending on the version. Partially an anti-ship missile, Brahmos has also the ability to engage shore-based radiocontrast targets. It can be fired from multiple platforms ship, land, submarine and air.
Launched from a ship, it can fly up to a height of 14 km. at mach 2 speed (twice the speed of sound), it has a preset trajectory, but a sensor on the head detects the target and can change the missile’s course to strike up to 20 km. from targeted range.
It may be recalled that Brahmos was showcased as one of the major attractions during the republic parade and India’s this supersonic missile was test-fired in 2001 and 2002 now that the trials of the missile are over. Brahmos, slated to enter production this year, is expected to hit world market soon. We can be proud of the fact that Brahmos is the only supersonic cruise missile in the world; all the other cruise missiles, including those in USA, are subsonic or fly below the speed of sound.
Why do we call it Brahmos? It is a combined term from Brahmaputra and Moscow, a happy reflection of the widening India-Russia defence relationship.