Shahn focuses on self understanding and sorting through the many emotions and experiences individuals go through on a daily basis. However, Collingwood focuses on the differences between art and craft. He believes that something that is crafted by a craftsman cannot be analyzed as artwork. Artists use creative processes to develop and create their piece of artwork. Both artists use their creative processes that include using personal experiences and emotions to deliver a piece of art that tells a story or even has a purpose. Throughout many piece of art, different emotions are communicated. It is also important that a piece of artwork is successful, in which the audience is able to analyze and interpret the meaning of the painting. In Shahn painting, “Allegory” he uses a beast with flames coming out throughout the body standing above children to describe a childhood fire. The artist uses the element of color to express the extent of the situation, and describe the scene of the fire. Yellow is used to express the sun hiding behind the clouds. This color can be interpreted as the sun that was not out throughout the dark event that occured. There is also the use of red trees against a green background, which is used to express the flames that dropped down from the fire onto the ground. The colors blue, purple and red expresses the artist’s state of mind. Blue can be thought to represent heaven, faith and confidence. Purple can be known to be a combination of red and blue and usually represents mystery, magic, or sad and gloomy feelings. Red is represented as danger, strength, love. These colors combined tell some of the paintings story. The artist experienced a traumatic event which included the fire thus explaining the red, the event was sad and gloomy which explains the purple. The children dying and going to heaven explains the blue, and the whole event being traumatic explains why the artists used the little bit of yellow to explain that it was not a sunny, bright day because a terrible thing happened. Shahn used another mans recent story to express his childhood, and added additional detail to give the details of the few traumatic events he experienced as a child. The beast represents the fire that took everything his family had, the wolves represent the story the mother told him about them trying to take her. In which, it seems the artist uses mythology and allegories to express his emotion and experiences. The mythology and allegories are the artistic technique the artists uses to create his artworks. His creative process includes using allegories to tell a story that has hidden meanings and uses symbols as representation of specific details. Shahn crafts his artwork by using myths to represent the emotions he felt while he re-lived the memories of the dark events he experienced as a child. Shahn creative process involved painting and drawing the things he knew, witnessed, experienced, listen to, look at and this seems to be his advice to young artists. He believes that it is important to understand your surroundings, to listen and judge them but with an open mind. Collingwood on the other hand, believes that art and crafts exclude each other. In his opinion, if something was crafted then it can not be artwork. The purpose of a piece of artwork is to serve the expression of personal aims and visions. Artwork in the process of making is suppose to have an end. A piece of art is an invention, it is not created by following a recipe or a list of directions. Lastly, the piece should represents a the expression and communication of the artist’s personal emotions. Crafts however, are the opposite of art. Crafts have to do with serving the aims and needs of others. A craft can we something like a file cabinet or a new hardwood floor, which the end result of the craft of the items has to be agreed upon by the buyer and the seller. Craftsman usually follow a recipe or a set of directions to create their masterpieces. However, a piece from a craftsman has no personal expressive aims or content. Shahns description of the creative process does indeed fit Collingwood’s view. Both artists believe in expressing personal emotions and expressions through artwork. Collingwood says that artwork has an end and Shahn proves this in his teachings by telling young artists to observe the details around them and then focus on creating their artworks based on these experiences and memories. Collingwood focuses on what is art and what is not art, in which he believe that making a file cabinet or a pasta dish is not art. It seems as though Shahn would agree with this opinion because he likes as an artist to use symbols to represent his feelings, and making a file cabinet do not symbolize or represent any type of emotion. Therefore, the work craftsmen do by making furniture and putting together everyday items people need or want should not be included as pieces of artwork. According to both artists a piece of artwork should be representational, emotionally engaging, meaningful, organized and so forth. Therefore, items that are crafted like floors, cabinets, wall paper, ect do not fit any of the elements need for something to be a piece of art. There is definitely a sharp difference between what is a piece of art and what is a craft. For example there are a group of people that call themselves artists, because they believe that combining a bunch of physical items like cans, bike tires, piece of iron basically anything they can find are pieces of artwork. However, the piece they crafted is not artwork. The items have no real meaning, the audience never seems to be able to interpret the piece. The pieces are normally random and do not express any emotions. These kind of “artists” believe their pieces are expressive artwork but what exactly they are expressing never seem to be present. These “artworks” that are made by hand are crafts not real art. This example is a perfect way of showing how Collingwood’s idea of what is art and what is not is indeed correct when it comes to the fact that there are a differences. Everything created by hand, does not have to be a piece of art. To conclude, both Shahn and Collingwood are alike when it comes to their creative process. Both artists believed that real art is expressive and is created to express different emotions. Both believe that you do not need a physical piece of art there are other forms of art. Music is a perfect example of this because not all artists write down their lyrics, most of the time artists keep their masterpieces in their head. For a piece to be art it must be expressive in both emotion and imagination. Not everything in society is a symbol or represents an emotion or experience, and therefore they are considered crafts. Shahn believes that understanding yourself and your experiences helps you to become a better artist. Collingwood believes that an artist’s masterpiece should be able to be interpreted on an emotional level and should show the artists personals aims or visuals.