2. the Congress Socialist party. This socialist

2. He selected the route from Tiruchirappalli to Vedaranyam in Thanjavur district. The March began on Tamil New Year’s Day (13th April).

3. The March reached Vedaranyam on 28 April 1930. Two days later Rajgopalachari was arrested for breaking the salt laws.

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Some of the other important leaders who participated in the Vedaranyam Salt Satyagraha were T.S.S. Rajan, Mrs. Lakshmipathi, Sardar Vedaratnam Pillai, C. Swaminatha Chetty and K. Santhanam.

4. Tiruppur Kumaran who led the flag march was fatally beaten. Since he guarded the national flag in his hands he was called Kodi Kaththa Kumaran.


1. Salt Satyagraha, started at Payyannur in Kerala under the leadership of K. Kelappan was peaceful in the early phase. But when Gandhiji was arrested in May the nature of the struggle changed.

2. Mohammad Abdur Rahiman, K. Madhavan Nair, P. Krishnapillai and R.V. Sharma led the Satyagraha at Kozhikode. Later all the leaders of the struggle were arrested.

3. After the Gandhi-Irwin pact the struggle was withdrawn. This created disappointment among the congress workers.

4. The resumption of civil disobedience movement in 1932, created a very strong response in Kerala. When the civil disobedience movement was withdrawn in 1934, a section of congress workers led by E.M. Sankaran Nambudiripad and P. Krishna Pillai joined the Congress Socialist party. This socialist faction also functioned within the congress.