Reading factor in affecting the raise or

Reading is more than a process
of constructing meaning from letters printed on paper or read on a screen. It
is a constructive and continuous process that helps the reader acquire
knowledge and understanding in many aspects in life and studies. Texts’ and
words’ importance are little insignificant if the right skills of language
comprehension are not implemented by the reader while looking at the piece of
reading. It gives the reader a set of skills that will follow him or her until
the end of his journey; such as a strategic mind, a knowledgeable being and a
skilful cognitive process amongst other qualities. Therefore, reading habits
may be a factor in affecting the raise or fall of academic performance.  Reading was seen to help a person’s
personality grow more positively and significantly. As seen by a researcher the
process of reading comprehension is an intricate intellectual process that
involves many aspects of learning. The necessary skills have to be taught by
the person, not only taught but the person needs to be motivated and to want to
read and learn. (Irving, 1980) Many wonder if the connection between reading
and growth in all aspects of life exists. Therefore, researchers have taken the
lead to see the correlation between the two in different situations and
instances. This study…


1.1 Research aims

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now


The following research aims to
explore the frequency of reading of English major students studying at the
University of Bahrain. In addition to the frequency, it will also focus on the
effect of reading for pleasure on the academic performance of the students of the
English major. Reading is a big part of the English language and literature
major. Many courses require the student to read often in order to assist them
in performing better, and passing their examinations. An assumption can be made
that students who read more score higher grades, while students who read less score
lower grades. In addition, another matter investigated is whether reading for
pleasure can lead to students performing better in their academic life, or leading
them to failure.






1.2 Research questions


The research aims given above
shall be answered in the following two questions:

What is the frequency of
reading of English Language and Literature students at the University of

     II.       Does reading have any effect on students’ academic performance
in English major students at the University of Bahrain?


Significance of the study:

Why its important and who will
make use of it


Organization of the study

This study consists of 5


Definition of key terms







2.1 Introductory note


Reading may be
one of the most necessary aspects of life, with regards to both the personal
and the collective development of generations. In this section of the research,
the background of the topic will be discussed. The important definitions and
the aspects of which reading might be in decline will be discussed.


2.2 Theoretical Framework


2.2.1 Definition of reading and reading for


Reading as a
definition is a broad term that holds many kinds of human behavior. (Peters,
2010) A reader, as Peters describes, could be an intense reader who does not
leave the book and devours every letter of every page, or it could be a person
that skims through the pages briefly. Some might read on screens, others might
do it the old-fashioned way, which is by reading plain paper and ink books. As
there are different kinds of readers, as well as a variety of items to read on
and from, there are also different types of reading, some of which control the
limit of freedom a person is allowed in practicing the action of reading. As an
example, assigned reading, or reading given by teachers or professors, is
reading a student might have to read in order to get the desired grade.
However, there is a different type of reading that is very free to a persons’
choice, which is pleasure reading. Independent reading, leisure reading or what
is even called voluntary reading, is any reading a person does on their own,
without any outside influences and in any time or place they choose. Also, it
is based on the reader’s preference and liking. The reader chooses what to read
and has unlimited sources and options to choose from.  “Alliterates,
people who have the ability to read but choose not to, miss just as much as
those who cannot read at all.” (Cullinan, 2000) Reading is a means of exploring and living a
different life than the one a person lives in. Reading for pleasure develops a
human’s growth in many ways;
 personal, social, academic and many
other aspects in a person’s life.