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In the poem The Man with the Blue Guitar, the author Wallace Stevens brings this poem to the recognition of perceptual and conceptual changes in art and individual perception. 
Stevens uses metaphors as a tool to provide similarities and differences in artists mentioned: in this poem specifically poets and musicians and how differently they perceive, understand and dream. 
Firstly to start off, in the first line in the poem, as well as in the name of the poem, 
the guitar represents an instrument for the musician, to express himself and his perception of world, and also a tool to develop the theme of the poem.  We can see this in the first section of the poem “Things as they are/Are changed upon the blue guitar”, as it creates the concept of the guitar as an instrument of perception. This means that the guitar does not express reality however creates new reality as the perception. The first part here also shows authors’ pressure to recreate reality, seen in: “A tune beyond us, yet ourselves”, and “things exactly as they are”. Really clearly here, the listeners do not comprehend the duality of their own request, especially when the author felt that his instrument could only allow him to represent reality, not create reality.  Furthermore this first section in the poem provides the clear metaphor for music and poetry, as well as show the demands of realism from the both the musicians’ and poet’s side. 

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In the next section the author clarifies the value of his instrument in in a surprising way. The section is represented by the musician speaking, only however without the quotation marks.  In this part, the musician speaking allows for the distinction and realization of similarities and differences between the poet and the musician. The musician at first seemed to appear as a shear man and then changes to appear more like a tailor, meanwhile the musician now must patch the world. The section begins with the problem of presenting different realities and later on moves to the conversion of shear man to tailor: “I cannot bring a world quite round,/Although I patch him as I can./I sing a hero’s head, large eye/And bearded bronze, but not a man”.  Duplicating reality is just impossible thus the patchwork falls short of the actual perception/aesthetic of the hero. In other words the head, eye and beard are all parts of an actual hero, but are not part of reality.  

To summarize, each part of the poem functions as a piece of reality being patched together.  Whether completely separate from each other or all together, the parts of the poem can only present the author’s reality.  Almost good as the musician’s patchwork is, he can only “serenade almost to man” and that serenade is the guitarist’s own creation.