Our to achieve desired goals, while agency thinking

group assignment is to create a career workshop for clients who have been
working at the company for 15 years and feel like they have lost the motivation
to continue putting in the hard work. They feel lost and uneasy with the
industry changing, even though they have “met expectations” at work.

the clients in mind, our group chose Hope Theory and Strengths-based approach
as the two concepts to increase their motivation and feel positive through
recognising their strengths. Throughout the workshop, the clients are to do the
Adult Hope Scale and VIA Survey of Character Strengths to identify how to
improve and achieve goals and identifying their strengths. Their strengths are
further reinforced through the activity where each client is to narrate their
success story which allows them to reflect of situations where they have used
their strengths to overcome obstacles.

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this paper, we will look into whether the Hope Theory and Adult Hope Scale are
applied correctly and useful in addressing the clients’ needs. We will also
look into whether the activity is suitable to the clients.

Hope Theory                                                  

Theory has been clearly explained as a Snyder’s framework which is built on a
goal-directed thinking approach. The approach utilizes two components: (a)
pathways thinking and (b) agency thinking. Pathway thinking involves developing
ways to achieve desired goals, while agency thinking involves the necessary
motivations for the person to take actions.

the clients currently felt lost, this approach is seen beneficial to them. By
introducing hope theory and how to go about setting SMART goals, it allows the
clients to be focus and have a sense of direction by working towards their
goal. In a study conducted by David B. Feldman, associate professor of
counselling psychology of Santa Clara University, California, students who
undergo a 90-minute hope intervention session were more likely to have made
progress toward their goals after a month. The career workshop, which has
similar duration, aims to achieve similar results as those in the study
conducted by David B. Feldman.

the clients are experiencing negative emotions of uneasiness and anxious about
their future, it is important to build up their hope levels and improve their
motivation. Various studies on college students have found that high-hope
people experience less anxiety. Individuals with high hope levels are able to
manage and overcome stress and report lower levels of daily stress (Chang,
1998; Irving, Snyder, & Crowson, 1998; Ong, Edwards, & Bergeman, 2006;
Snyder, 2002). According to Magaletta & Oliver (1999), hopeful individuals experience
better overall physical, psychological, and social well-being. Once the hope
levels of the clients increase, they will embrace agency self-talk and produce
flexible alternative routes to overcome the stressor, which is being stagnant
at their jobs.