“Maturity themes in movies, literature, and of course,

“Maturity is a high price to pay for growing up.” This quote by Tom Stoppard is relatable to many human beings, including Jem and Scout Finch. Growing up is one of the most used and important themes in movies, literature, and of course, To Kill a Mockingbird. Scout and Jem Finch are siblings that grew up under their widowed father – Atticus. Although they lived in the same household all their life, they end up having disparate aspects of the world. Many factors in To Kill a Mockingbird bring up this idea. Telling Atticus the truth, preventing Scout from killing a bug, and predicting Tom Robinson’s case shows how much Jem has matured and sees the world differently than Scout.The first example that illustrates how Jem and Scout have different perspectives of the world is when Dill runs away from his home and arrives in Scout’s room. For example, “Dill’s eyes flickered at Jem, and Jem looked at the floor. Then he rose and broke the remaining code of our childhood. He went out of the room and down the hall. ‘Atticus,’ his voice was distant, ‘can you come here a minute, sir?'” (187-188) The attitude that Jem portrayed towards Dill marks the birth of the separation between Scout and himself. In this situation, Scout wanted to keep Dill’s presence a secret to protect him, but Jem betrayed this childhood truce and exposed Dill to Atticus. When Jem spoke, it displayed his maturity to tell responsible adults rather than keep secrets. Jem and Scout have varying views of the world that first shows in the responsibility of each individual.Another scene where Jem and Scout part ways in their beliefs of the world was the incident with a roly-poly. For instance, “‘Don’t do that, Scout. Set him out on the back steps.’ ‘Jem, are you crazy?…’ ‘I said set him out on the back steps.’…’Why couldn’t I mash him?’ I asked. ‘Because they don’t bother you.'” (319-320) From Scout’s view, killing a harmless bug seemed like a small, petty interference, but to Jem it was a major sin. This altercation shows how much Jem cares about others, whether human or bug. The selflessness Jem presented is a major step to maturity. The fact that Scout was blinded with her want to perish bugs shows she lacks the ability to think of others before herself. Furthermore, “He was certainly never cruel to animals, but I had never known his charity to embrace the insect world.” (320) This additionally shows how Jem is changing and Scout being oblivious to Jem’s mature choices. These slight signs accumulate to show how Jem is steadily straying from the contentious view of Scout to becoming a wise adult.In addition to irrelevant family crises, Jem and Scout’s disparate concepts of the world arise during Atticus’ court case. “Jem seemed to be having a quiet fit. He was pounding the balcony rail softly, and once he whispered, ‘We’ve got him.’… I didn’t think so: He could easily have done it. I thought Jem was counting his chickens.” (238) This shows how Jem acquired a completely different view on the trial. Scout was referring to the old American folk saying, “Don’t count your chickens before they’re hatched.” She thinks Jem is too confidently believing that Atticus was going to win, but you should always expect the unexpected. This is important because for once, Scout outsmarted Jem and knew that her father’s argument was good but not guaranteed. The experience at Tom’s trial shows how each sibling has diverging views of the world.In conclusion, Scout and Jem begin to part ways, philosophically speaking, throughout the novel To Kill a Mockingbird. This is backed up by significant evidence, some including Jem exposing Dill, the episode of Scout trying to kill a roly-poly, and Jem’s over confidence in the outcome of Tom Robinson’s trial. With these examples, it shows how Jem, being 4 years older than Scout, is starting to find his own reality of the world and leave the innocent child phase of life, which Scout is still struggling in right now. This relays a powerful theme used daily. Aging comes wisdom and with wisdom comes responsibility and benevolence. Even Scout knows Jem is going through a phase in life when she says, “It was probably a part of the stage he was going through.” (320) Even though Scout and Jem were brought up in the same family, Jem is beginning to have different perspectives of the world because he is growing older and learning new things. “Maturity is that time when the mirrors in our mind turn to windows and instead of seeing the reflection of ourselves we see others.” -Unknown