Literature would not be possible to gather such

            Literature
reviews do have certain limitations: potential scarcity of data about a
specific problem, inability to explore concepts that are not already covered,
and lack of control over the data collection and analysis (Taylor, Bogdan &
DeVault, 2016). However, in this case, these limitations presented only minor
issues and were outweighed by the fact that otherwise it would not be possible
to gather such large collection of data.

Limitations

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            In accordance with the problem formulation and
research aims, qualitative methodology has been implemented in a form of a
secondary research. The choice was made due to the fact that secondary research
allows access to a broad selection of resources, it is less time-consuming, and
does not require financial resources (Taylor, Bogdan & DeVault, 2016). To
be more precise, literature review was chosen as a particular form of
qualitative secondary research in order to enable summarizing the existing
knowledge about the topic. The inclusion criteria were: relevance to the topic,
seminal works. journal publication, and reports from renowned agencies and
organisations.

Research method

Methodology

Introduction will be followed by a brief methodology section, followed
by the main body where the first three research aims will be addressed.
Conclusion will summarize the findings and address the fourth research aim.

Report structure

4.      Summarize implications for practice and future
research

3.      Present the benefits of carbon sequestration

2.      Identify major challenges to carbon
sequestration

1.      Provide essential information about carbon
sequestration

            Negative effects of climate changes are
experienced all over the world and carbon emission is on the frontline of the
research. As stated previously, effects of carbon emission are detrimental to
virtually every member of the ecosystem and overall environment. In the late
1990s carbon sequestration emerged as a way of fighting this issue and
different methods emerged over the past 20 years. This report will focus on
carbon sequestration as a solution to this problem, and the following research
aims will be met:

Problem formulation

            Adaptation and mitigation are two major
approaches to annulling effects of climate changes. Majority of strategies that
are currently being employed are at the policy level (United
Nations, 2017).. Countries are
introducing a number of policies that are usually aimed at preventing people
from engaging in behaviours that further contribute to climate changes (United
Nations, 2017).. Based on the
current reports, there is a need for finding more effective measures since the
effect of policies and other intervention is still rather humble (United
Nations, 2017).

Strategies for mitigating the effects of global
climate changes

            There is an increased
amount of evidence that environment is going through drastic changes at a fast
pace. The report published by the UN listed a number of areas where alterations
have been observed: atmosphere, ocean, cryosphere, temperature, sea level (United
Nations, 2017). A number of studies also confirm that there is a reason for
concern as these changes can lead to scarcity of essential natural resources,
such as water and food (Gosling & Arnell, 2013). UN report points
out that high levels of carbon emission caused by human activity represent one
of the major drivers of the alterations that are taking place (United Nations,
2017). The levels of carbon dioxide amounted to all-time high 403.3 parts per
million, and there are no indications that this trend will change (United
Nations, 2017). The high concentration of carbon dioxide has detrimental
effects for the health of people and animals, and leads to increased
temperatures further leading to reduced water and food supplies (United
Nations, 2017). As a response to this issue, there is a growing research on
carbon footprint – “regenerative forest capacity required to sequester the
anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions that is not absorbed by oceans” (Mancini
et al., 2016). As it will be shown later on, this term is important for the
topic of this report.

Background
issue: Climate Changes

Introduction