India’s employed to health sector. The Infant mortality

political and public health leadership has led innovative schemes and
translated the best of those into policy, and made substantial contributions
for advancing population health. Since the launch of the National Rural Health
Mission in 2005, over 157 thousands personnel have been employed to health
sector. The Infant mortality rate (IMR) has declined from 68 to 42 per 1000
live births between 2000 and 2012. The Janani Suraksha Yojana was
successful in ensuring delivery of more than 120 to 130 million women in
government facilities and more than 600 thousands new-born babies are receiving
care in neonatal care nurseries in district hospitals each year. Polio has been
eliminated from the face of the country. This is exciting, but not enough. Each
year, more than 40 million people, mostly in rural areas, are impoverished and
run into massive debts to access healthcare. 
Non-communicable diseases and injuries account for 52 per cent of deaths
in India. Burden of non-communicable diseases and resultant mortality is
expected to increase. Therefore, India’s healthcare needs radical changes. India’s healthcare challenges and poor health
indicators are widely discussed at various public health forums; but rarely
acknowledged in political discourse. For the first time in the history of India
all the main political parties have prioritized healthcare in their manifestos.
The current government promised radical reforms in healthcare with “National
Health Assurance Mission (NHAM)”. Healthcare must be made a core priority for
the next decade, to enable transformation of the healthcare system, while
promoting pro-health policies in other sectors

The government should institutionalize UHC as a way to remove
barriers to good health and expand access to quality, affordable care. In the
UHC model, all citizens should be entitled to a comprehensive package of
healthcare services, and have access to public health and accredited private
facilities for attaining services such as diagnostics, medicine, vaccines or
surgeries as an entitlement, without having to pay at the point of use. In
most instances, we find that it is political stability rather than political
competition that is associated with improved healthcare service delivery in
India. The effect of turnout is mixed i.e. while its impact is positive for
some healthcare measures, it is negative for others. For effective number of
parties, we find a positive association in a majority of the cases which would
suggest that a broader distribution of political power has had a favourable
impact on healthcare service delivery. Importantly, these effects are
heterogeneous along the conditional healthcare distribution. Our results are
robust to heteroscedasticity and misspecification bias. We use several
robustness checks to ensure the validity of our results. The picture that emerges from averaging out over the whole
healthcare distribution is however incomplete since the relationship between
local political economic variables and healthcare provision for regions lying
at one end of the healthcare distribution, say the top quantile, may indeed be
quite different from those lying at the bottom quantile

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2006, a group of American researchers led by prof. V. Navarro, have published
an analysis through which they searched for the connection between politics and
policies, and then, their connection to healthcare systems in Europe and North
America, between 1950 – 2000, The conclusion was that countries governed by
political parties of egalitarian views have the tendency to implement
redistributive policies. The four political traditions were defined as: 1.Social democratic, 2.Christian-democratic
(conservative), 3. Liberal, 4.Conservative-authoritarian (dictatorships).
Thereby, countries governed by social-democratic parties during most of the
studied period, implemented policies favourable to redistribution, universal
health coverage and social benefits for all the citizens, there were introduced
supporting policies for women health and welfare, such as unemployment
compensation benefits for single mothers. Countries governed by
Christian-democratic parties, were supporting less redistributive policies.
Although these countries also promoted health policies with universal coverage,
they did not implement family support policies such as homecare or children
care. Public expenditure was noticeably lower. Countries mostly governed by
liberal or conservative liberal parties did not promote universal social
services, except for universal healthcare, which was promoted in all the above
countries except for US, with a public expenditure of 24% of GDP for social
services and of 5.8% of GDP for health. Countries led by dictatorships, had an
underdeveloped welfare state, with weak public transfers and poor public
services. Average public expenditures were 14% of GDP, with 4.8% of GDP for