In tribe will be given at a later

In arabia prior to islam, many tribes were in control. 3 tribes are more memorable

than any other. These three tribes are “1. The Ba’idah: Ba’idah means extinct and

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these people are so named, because, owing to their continuous disobedience, they

were obliterated from the face of the earth, as a consequence of celestial and terrestrial

calamities. Possibly these were the very tribes of ‘Ad and Thamud which have been

mentioned time and again in the Holy Qur’an. 2. The Qehtaniyans: They are the

descendants of Ya’rab bin Qehtan. They inhabited Yemen and other parts of southern

Arabia and are called the full-blooded Arabs. The Yemenites of today and the tribes of

Aus and Khazraj, which constituted two big tribes of Madina in the early days of Islam,

are of Qehtaniyan descent. The Qehtaniyans possessed many states. They made

strenuous efforts for the development of Yemen and have left a number of civilisations

as their memorial. Their inscriptions are being studied now, according to scientific

methods, the Qehtaniyan history has thus been revealed to some extent. Whatever is

said about pre-lslamic culture and civilisation of Arabia is totally related to this group of

the Arabs and is confined to the region of Yemen. 3. The Adnaniyans: They are the

descendants of Isma’il, son of the Prophet Ibrahim. A detailed account of the genealogy

of this tribe will be given at a later stage, but, briefly speaking, the position is this:

Prophet Ibrahim was ordained by Allah to settle his son Isma’il and his mother Hajar in

the land of Makkah.” (Chapter 2).

The morals of the arabs were followed not by just a singular tribe, but by all the arabs.

In the age of Jahaliya, “the arabs were generous and hospitable by nature. They seldom

committed breach of trust. They considered violation of promise to be an unpardonable

sin. They were very much devoted to their faith and were fully endowed with the quality

of eloquence. They possessed remarkably sharp memory. They could easily learn

verses and speeches by heart. In the art of versification and poetry they excelled all

others. Their bravery was proverbial. They possessed great skill in horsemanship and

archery. They considered fleeing from the enemy to be very odious and abominable.”

(Chapter 2)

However, these positive traits have many negative that follow. This is shown when it

says, “as opposed to this, a series of their immoral and mean habits which had, to some

extent, assumed the shape of second nature with them, obliterated the splendour of all

their achievements and, if a window had not been opened for them from the invisible,

the scroll of their human life would have been rolled up and they would have fallen

 

precipitately into the dreadful abyss of non-existence. In other words, if the soul-

nourishing sun of Islam had not shone on their hearts in the middle of the 6th century of

 

the Christian era, you would not have seen any trace of the Arabs today and the story of

Baidah Arabs would have been repeated”.(Chapter 2)

This exhibits the point that if Islam hadn’t been there, then the tribe would have been

punished. As well as this, girls were buried alive.This horrendous tradition was began by

“one of the representatives of Bani Tamim was an old man named Qays bin ‘Asim. His

daughter preferred to stay on with her husband. The insult cut the old man to the quick

and he decided that, in future, he would finish his daughters as soon as they were born.

Gradually this practice penetrated into other tribes also.” (Chapter 2)

 

It began to be that the father was ashamed that he had a daughter rather than a son.

Women were also treated as property, such as slaves. “Amongst the Arabs, woman

was just like merchandise which could be bought and sold and did not possess any

individual or social rights – not even the right of inheritance. The enlightened persons

among them put woman under the category of animals and for this very reason

considered her to be one of the chattels and necessities of life. On account of this belief

the proverb: ‘Mothers are only as good as vessels and have been created to serve as

receptacles for sperm’ was fully current amongst them.” (Chapter 2)

“His life was full of modesty and chastity, honesty and truthfulness, uprightness and

righteousness, goodness and kindness to the oppressed and the needy and hatred for

the idols and the idol-worshippers.”(Chapter 12)

Prophet Muhammad (a.s) always thought of Allah (SWT) and did what he did for him.

“Similarly the Prophet always remembered Allah while taking his meals and refrained

from eating meat of the animals which had been slaughtered in an unlawful manner,

and was very much disturbed to see obscene scenes, wine-drinking and gambling; so

much so that at times he sought asylum in the mountains and returned home when a

part of the night had passed.” (Chapter 12)

“One of the most tragic periods of the life of the Holy Prophet began on the day on

which he broke the seal of silence and the elders of Quraysh lost all hope of his

accepting their offers in view of his well-known words: “By Allah! Even if you place the

sun in my right hand and the moon in my left hand so that I may abandon my call, I will

not rest until Allah makes my religion prevail or I lay down my life for its sake”. Till that

time Quraysh had, during all their encounters with him, preserved his respect, but when

they saw that all their conciliation offers had failed they were compelled to change the

course of their thinking and to forestall the expansion of Islam at all costs and to utilize

all means for this purpose. Hence the council of Quraysh decided unanimously to

practice ridicule, torture and intimidation to restrain the Prophet from pursuing his

object.” (Chapter 15)