In of clean water for their communities and

In
terms of local and state citizen groups, the environmental threats that were
thought to be linked with the use of fracking fluids prompted residents to form
coalitions and action groups to push for regulation or elimination of fracking
practices within their community. Locally based non profit organizations were
concerned with the availability of clean water for their communities and
ecosystem health and viability. Most groups wanted to ban the use of this technique
to protect watersheds. Although these groups could have significant power and
influence within a community, they were not influential on a national scale.

National
Environmental Groups had been forced to balance advocating natural gas as a
solution for reducing the carbon intensity of society while simultaneously condemning
fracking as an environmental threat. They did not contribute a significant
portion of their resources to fracking concerns.

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However,
environmental governance has to be a multi-level interaction among the state,
market and civil society for sustainable development. It needs to promote the
transition from open-loop/ cradle-to-grave systems (like garbage disposal with
no recycling) to closed-loop/cradle-to-cradle systems (like zero waste
strategies). This can be done through embedding the environment in all levels
of decision-making and action; conceptualizing cities and communities, economic
and political life as a subset of the environment; and emphasizing the
connection of people to the ecosystems in which they live.

A
globally impactful example of this is the video of how China wants to, in
effect, own the sun- they now produce 2/3 of the worlds solar panels or more
and it is dominant in solar panel manufacturing. Its driven prices down to a
drop of almost 90% since the past decade, and price-wise, solar energy can now outcompete
fossil-fueled electricity in the Middle East. Trump wanted to pass a
legislation to have clean coal, and the Chinese National Energy Administration
is pouring huge money into renewable energy-there are lots of resources going
into it, and Solar is in the lead. They have concerns about air pollution and
employment and they wanted a large job creating industry that would be
internationally competitive. These cheap panels are driving a lot of solar
installation jobs in the USA. Jobs in China are to do with manufacturing the
solar panels, and jobs here in the USA are to do with installation. There is 2%
global solar energy in the world-and 1% comes from the USA-therefore, the
industry has a lot of potential to grow to 20-30% by mid-century. The industry
has a lot of effect on how power generation works. Every kilowatt of power that
we generate with solar, makes a big difference for global warming-in terms of
accumulation of greenhouse gases and climate change in the long term scale.
Solar power can also make a big difference particularly in the electric
generational side. Once we get electric vehicles that you can plug into solar
panels and drive, you’re reducing a lot of air pollution. There is also opportunity
for localized solar panels- we can have solar rays providing charging power for
electric vehicles installed all over the highway systems; we can have
individual solar panels put on the top of buildings and homes; and we can also
have huge installations that supply power to the grid which will demand more
transmission lines-and are in effect, excellent, great paying jobs.