Genocide or failed to prevent the genocide. Rwanda

Genocide is an intentional act of destroying any group, let it be religious or ethnic. In these following cases, we look at how the prejudice of the government run by a dominating religion or any other ethnic group led to a genocide by violating human rights of the oppressed minority, and how different systems or organizations helped or failed to prevent the genocide. Rwanda majorly consisted of two different ethnic groups- the Hutus and the Tutsi. Although the Hutus were the majority in population, the government was run by the Tutsi. There wasn’t any ethnic discrimination until the Belgians colonized the country in 1916 and started identifying the people according to their ethnic background.This classification formed a base of rivalry over power between the two ethnic groups which later on led to the mass killing of the Tutsi. Hutus believed that the tall features of the Tutsi gave them the authority to govern the country. Hutus were short and usually were domestic workers or owned cattle for a living while Tutsi were landlord or governors. Tutsis were considered as the “outsiders” or the “intruders”. In order to get rid of these “outsiders” and claim the power that Hutus have over Rwanda, the Hutu extremists started off by assassinating the Rwandan president. They blamed Tutsi for the assassination and with that “reason” the Hutu extremists from the Rwandan government, military and the Hutu extremist militia started killing the Tutsi. The genocide was well organized. There was an appropriate use of the propaganda throughout the genocide which helped in coordinated attack against the Tutsi.Initially, the UN denied any occurrence of a genocide in Rwanda when it was ongoing. After putting a little investigation into the matter they recognized the genocide and intervened the issue by sending its own troops to the country, the problem was that there weren’t enough troops and they were not given any permission/power to shoot. The Hutu ideology was articulated through the RTLM radio of Rwanda. It brainwashed the Hutus by forming hatred towards Tutsi and encouraged to kill them. This system could have helped the Tutsi, but the restriction in the freedom of speech by the government prevented them from doing so. Neighbouring African countries like Tanzania could have helped too but they themselves were busy with their own civil wars or they lacked resources and knowledge needed to intervene. The Red Cross had been present in Rwanda since 1990 in order to aid the orphaned children, victimized people and other tortured people during the civil war that took place prior to the Rwandan genocide. They remained during the 1994 genocide in order to help the affected Tutsi. Churches helped the people by providing the church buildings as a hiding place for the Tutsi to save themselves from the terror caused by the Hutu extremists and the military.Unfortunately, Rwanda only had the Red Cross and the churches when there were so many other systems like the law, police, media and the government that could have protected them. Another country to experience this similar situation is Burma. Burma is located in the southeastern part of Asia. The world is now witnessing one of the worst genocides ever seen in modern history. Burma is a Buddhist dominating country. The Rohingya are an ethnic minority group in the country who were the descendants of the Arab immigrants and have been living in Burma for generations. Myanmar’s government denies them citizenship and recognizes them as illegal immigrants or “terrorists”. Statelessness( which includes denying citizenship) is considered a human right violation and that is the case with the Rohingya. The Rohingyas were denied the right to freedom of movement, which later on led to lack of access to resources. The people have been denied access to health care, education, employment and even marriage. Government says that they are only killing the terrorists who are a threat to the country and that the Rohingya are setting their own villages on fire.The country’s ethnic/religious imbalance was a factor which led to the genocide. The villages are being burnt down, thousands of women are being raped and the people are tortured to death.  Over 500,000 thousand people have been killed in this genocide, makingit the most persecuted minority group in the world.The military is a system that is supposed to be protecting its people, but here the military itself is committing these crimes along with the Buddhist extremist militia. Throughout this chaos, the government remains silent. Aung San Suu Kyi says that she only has a limited power over the military, but others insist that as a leader she should try more than just to stop the military campaign. Neither the leader is taking any major actions nor she is responding to any international pressure.The country has denied access to the UN and the journalists to investigate further into the issue.Nearby countries like Malaysia and Turkey do not show any interests as they are already concerned with the overflowing refugees. International Criminal Court can only intervene after Myanmar is a signatory to it. But Myanmar isn’t ready to do so. Finland is trying its best to aid the Rohingya refugees through the Red Cross.The condition of the refugees are worst with UN and Red Cross unable to supply enough resources. Diseases such as Cholera, which is spreading through the close confines of the refugee camps, are also contributed to the  worsening of this situation.The army and the extremists enjoyed their impunity. In both the countries it was the case of the majority extremists being in power with an intention of eliminating  the minority groups through the 8 eight stages of genocide, which specifically includes classification, organizing. Both the countries clearly depicted the act of “ethnic cleansing” through the human rights violation. It is also a shame that how so many organizations and systems like the UN, Amnesty International the police, law and the government itself within the country failed to protect the rights of the impotent.To avoid any future genocides the ideologies of the government should change. They should be able to recognise the system within their country and try more to protect the vulnerable minority. In case of an ongoing genocide the organisations should not only try to put more pressure on the government to take any action but they themselves should take an action to protect the rights of the victims. Media should try to spread the news about the violence throughout the world so that the willing can come and intervene. The international organizations as well the governments in the other countries should recognize the genocide early in order to prevent it.Living in peace and harmony is only possible in a country when people start respecting each other’s beliefs and religion…