Ellie HarrerMr. GrooverAPLANG19 January 2018Topic: Eating DisordersThis paper will discuss the causes, effects, treatments, and history of eatingdisorders. Also it will discuss the people affected by eating disorders. Mythesis will focus on the causes and short and long term effects of eatingdisorders.Anonymous. “What i LEARNED: i Suffer Alone While Suffering with Many.” Contexts,vol. 8, no. 2, 2009, pp. 78–79. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/41960014.12 January 2018According to the National Eating Disorders Association, women between ages 15and 24 who suffer from an eating disorder have a death rate 12 times higher thanall other causes of death for the general female adolescent population. Also anestimated 8 million to10 million women along with 1 million men suffer theeffects from eating disorders in the United States alone. Many adolescents facepersonal issues that often intersect with the onset of puberty. Girls begin to gothrough morphological and biological changes at the same point they'reattempting to establish independence from their parents. Secondary socializationand media becomes a girl's primary source of cultural information. Socialdeviance is seems inevitable that for an anorexic woman. Woman with an eatingdisorders are rarely able to conform to social norms around weight and normaleating habits. A modified labeling theory, from Bruce Link and colleagues,predicts that people suffering from a mental illness will accept the social stigmaassociated with the disease and begin to with draw from society as theyexperience negative reactions to their situation. Complete recovery from an eatingdisorder, if ever accomplished, is estimated to take between seven and 10 years,even with several hospitalizations.A. Padierna, et al. “The Health-Related Quality of Life in Eating Disorders.” Quality ofLife Research, vol. 9, no. 6, 2000, pp. 667–674. JSTOR. 14 January 2018This study investigated and provides evidence of the health-related quality of lifein patients with eating disorders in relation to the severity of eatingsymptomatology and psychological comorbidity. The Eating Disorders OutpatientClinic One consecutively recruited hundred ninety-seven study patients. A shortform or Sf-36, a generic health-related quality of life questionnaire, the EatingAttitudes Test, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were given to thepatients and used to calculate different aspects of their health-related quality oflife. The final outcomes of the questionnaires were compared with the outcomesof the Spanish general population for women 18-34 years of age. Women in thegeneral population were less dysfunctional in all areas of the SH-36 compared topatients with eating disorders. When Eating Attitudes test and the HospitalAnxiety and Depression Scale resulted in higher scores they were associated witha greater perception of impairment on all SF-36 subscales. Overall, the evaluationof health-related quality of life in these study patients confirmed the influence ofthese disorders on daily life in areas are not directly related to eating disorders.The SF-36 is useful for determining different levels of severity of eating disordersas well as other psychological comorbidities of the patients.Klump, Kelly L., and Kristen M. Culbert. “Molecular Genetic Studies of EatingDisorders: Current Status and Future Directions.” Current Directions inPsychological Science, vol. 16, no. 1, 2007, pp. 37–41. JSTOR, JSTOR,www.jstor.org/stable/20183155. 15 January 2018This article reviewed several association studies that have examined the geneticbasis of eating disorders. Overall, findings suggest that estrogen genes, brain-derived neurotropic factors, and serotonin may be important for the developmentof eating disorders. These neuronal systems influence behavioral and personalitycharacteristics, such as anxiety and food intake, which are disrupted in eatingdisorders. Future studies would gain from increased sample sizes and the additionof behavioral and personality covariates in analyses. Consideration andinvolvement of the interactions between genes, mechanisms of genetic effects,and living environments is also needed to deepen the understanding of the geneticbasis of these disorders.Polivy, Janet, and C. Peter Herman. “Mental Health and Eating Behaviours: A Bi-Directional Relation.” Canadian Journal of Public Health / Revue Canadienne DeSante'e Publique, vol. 96, 2005, pp. S43–S46. JSTOR, JSTOR,www.jstor.org/stable/41994472. 16 January 2018This article illustrates how variations in mental health may contribute to orinluence unhealthy eating. The connection between eating and mental health is bi-directional. A person’s psychological state or mood can impact how much andwhat one eats. Also eating habits affects one's psychological well-being andmood. Therefore, if we want to develop and advertise to encourage healthy eatingstrategies, it is important to understand the connections between mental health andhealthy eating. To contribute to this understanding, the article examines researchon differences of how food makes people react, as well as mood, social,emotional, and collective influences on how much and what is eaten. Then theimplications of how the connections relate to mental health, with a focus on adultsand adolescents are examined. Later, the relation between eating and mentalhealth is examined from another direction. Research investigating whether or nitthe amount that someone eats or particular foods one ingests can make one feelgood or bad about oneself is examined. In all, overeating and under eating havecomplex and differing effects. Sometimes eating habits contribute to improvedfeelings of well-being and at other times eating habits make the individualdeprived, feel guilty, depressed, and or anxious.Walsh, B. Timothy, and Michael J. Devlin. “Eating Disorders: Progress and Problems.”Science, vol. 280, no. 5368, 1998, pp. 1387–1390. JSTOR. 13 January 2018This article provides evidence how recent research on Anorexia Nervosa andBulimia Nervosa has produced a progressively detailed understanding of thespectrum of biological and psychological abnormalities associated with theseeating disorders. The three main contributes that appear to the onset of extremedieting, binge eating, and purging are adverse individual and family experiences,inherited vulnerabilities, and cultural pressures. These behaviors, once initiated,give rise to several physiological disturbances. Many of these disturbances mayserve to perpetuate the illness. Although there have been great advances in waysto control and manage Bulimia Nervosa. Offering effective treatment to allindividuals with eating disorders is the goal to treat Bulimia Nervosa; however, itremains elusive. Overall, this article also reviews current thinking on thetreatment and etiology of the two major eating disorders and a related syndrome,Binge Eating Disorder.Zodda, J. Jason. , “More to Them Then Meets The Mouth.” Eating Disorders, RochesterInstitute of Technology, Nov. 2003,www.personalityresearch.org/papers/zodda.html. 14 January 2018This article provides information and evidence that there is not a single cause toany eating disorder. Also it provides that there is no one set of individuals that canbe diagnosed with any eating disorder. Everyone is at risk. This article focuses onthe causes and prevalence of the two most common eating disorders, anorexianervosa, and bulimia nervosa. There are many differing and possible causes thatlead to an eating disorder. Some of the most common are culture, environment,family life, and genetic disorders. Eating disorders tend to have several risks andnegative results. Many victims or patients have shown a pattern leading up to thedisorder; it is a slow process rather then a simple change in diet. The variety ofpeople with eating disorders is spread across races, genders, height, and weight.Backgrounds of people with eating disorders are unlimited and no one can beconsidered immune. Women are the most common victims; however, men areaffected as well. Sexual orientation, age, and culture show patterns in theprevalence of eating disorders. Overall, everyone is a possible victim.