Efforts many destinations accessible merely by cars

Efforts
to combat and understand the obesity epidemic frequently focus on the built
environment. The built environment has features such as recreational
facilities, parks, and condensed mixed-use neighborhoods where populaces can
walk to offices and stores (VonHippel& Benson, 2014). These features
encourage people to undertake various physical activities that reduce the
chances of becoming obese. Although the effect of built environment features on
obesity is not clear, constant physical activities reduce the chances of being
obese. By contrast, expansive built environments, with small public place and
many destinations accessible merely by cars discourage various physical
activities and enhance sedentary indoor practices that may lead to obesity.
Upsurges in sprawl have been linked to a rise in obesity prevalence in the US,
but the sprawl process started years before obesity prevalence began to
escalate in the 1980s(Von Hippel& Benson, 2014). It is evident that built environment
and natural environment have a clear relationship with obesity. For instance,
obesity is more prevalent in areas that are hot during the month of July or
cold during the month of January. Equally, various studies show that obesity is
more prevalent in areas that rainy year-round or dark in January (Von
Hippel& Benson, 2014). Furthermore, the association between natural
environment and obesity was facilitated by peoples’ physical activity, but not
by their diet.

On
the other hand, individuals’ food environment has grown to the extent that it
encourages higher intake of calories. It is evident that many people like
eating foodstuffs with high calories making obesity prevalence a great problem
in the US. Convenience is currently a way of life for various families and
individuals (Myers, Slack, Martin, Broyles &Heymsfield, 2016). Today, there
is a tremendous rise in foods consumed away from homes which could contribute
to the growth of obesity prevalence. For instance, there are so many
establishments selling fast food in the US as well as tendencies of selecting
more calorie compact and nutrient poor foods have increased.

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Management
Techniques to deal with obesity in healthcare setting

The
healthcare management technique utilized in the healthcare setting to manage
obesity includes the development of population-based strategies that encourages
individuals to maintain normal body weight. These strategies primarily targets
factors that contributes to increased rates of obesity including socioeconomic
factors, environmental factors, and personal factors. For instance, the
healthcare management has designed policies that aim at preventing obesity by
targeting physical activity environment, food environments as well as
socioeconomic environments (Chan & Woo, 2010). Additionally, the policies
influence an individual behavior and supports clinical interventions and health
services. In fact, professionals at the healthcare setting channel their focus
at encouraging their clients to take part in physical activities and minimize
their sedentary lifestyle.  Additionally,
the healthcare settings are transforming their nutritional environment by
enhancing easy access to healthful and affordable foods.

Regardless
the above techniques, healthcare professionals comprehend that obesity and
overweight reduction or prevention entails lifestyle transformation via
behavioral changes at personal level. Therefore, policy alone cannot prevent or
reduce obesity. On the contrary, it promotes the process of addressing obesity
through lifestyle modification. For instance, the emergence of technology has
resulted in reduced physical activity because people at work or home spend much
of their time on the internet chatting with friends or accomplishing various
tasks.  As a result, it becomes increasingly
difficult for individuals to balance work life, academic life, and taking part
in physical activities. For this reason, preventing obesity is an individual
effort because they have to implement health promotional efforts and advice (Chan
& Woo, 2010).