Economics in anthropology helps explain human economic behavior and is a system of exchange. “Exchange is an “economic” relationship, involving the circulation and distribution of good. But it is also a social and cultural relationship, as exchanging thing binds people together over time and space” (Julian Brash). For anthropologist economics plays an important role for human economic behavior and compared to all of the many topics I have learned this semester I never truly would have thought that this would play a role for anthropologist but it does. Economic anthropology helps studies how societies provide material goods and services.
The anthropological perspective approaches the aspects of people and their lives and the different types of. Economic in anthropology helps show how humans use the material world to maintain and express the way they live. Trading and exchanging involves human behavior and being apart of different trading and exchanging societies. There are several ways to exchange that I have learned about and they are trade and giving and the difference between the two is that trade involves the immediate exchange of goods and giving is stretched over a period of time. People from different cultures tend to communicate and even eventually do business with one another and this comes hand and hand for trading and giving and gives a chance for anthropologist to study the human interaction when it comes to trading.
The film, Ongka’s Big Moka was a really interesting film to see to get to understand more about giving and receiving how people in that culture traded. In the film Moka is a social event, a political event, where they distribute and redistribute pigs. Some may say how does this even have to do with anthropology or is this even really related to economics. In this case this is a certain type of culture and these are there rituals. Politics, different cultures, exchange, economics, and trade all play a major role for another. This allows anthropologist to have a better understanding of not only an economic point of view but also a cultural point of view. “Exchange does not need to be ‘economically profitable’ in order to function efficiently. Economics needs to be framed by cultural accounts.” (Julian Brash