During present the content of the lesson

During the lesson teacher
has the following tasks: present the content of the lesson as well as
distribute the necessary material, monitor students’ progress. Another two
vital tasks are gain attention and keep motivated (4) as Pam Robbins (year) considers that: “In the classroom attention
is critical – no attention no learning”. These utterances can be supplemented
by the Jayne Moon’s
(2000:3) that “young learner learns through:

1.        Being motivated. I the teacher motivated them
they would learn fast or
quicker.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

2.       A variety of interesting and
fun activities for which they see the purpose.”

The Author of the Diploma Paper agrees with these statements without
doubts. As in the previous chapter it was discussed that at the age 7-12,
attention is not controlled by the students, yet it is based on external
interest, bright object that catches the attention. Therefore, it is one of the
teacher’s responsibilities to control students’ attention and direct it to the
subject of learning. Moreover, based on House and Lapan (1978) keep and sustain
students’ attention as well as motivate them is the formidable challenge in
teacher’s work. The author considers that it is valuable to review the possible
ways of getting attention and sustaining it afterwards, in order to be more
professional and competent while working with young learners and make learning
process productive.

Due to the fact that young learners’ attention can be distracted easily with
another actual object at the particular moment, there are many different
factors that can impact on students’ attention. One of these factors were
mentioned by Kenneth D.Moore, such as arrangement of the students and teacher
desks, access to every students, action zone as the place where teacher is
standing etc. However, in some cases these factors can be changed due to
several reasons. Therefore, in these chapter the Autor of the Diploma Paper
invites to examine on the possible methods and strategies teacher can you
during the lesson, that may impact on students’ attention presence. Methods
will be divided into two subgroups: methods that assist in getting attention
and methods that keep and sustain it.

 

in order to understand what strategies adopted by
the teacher contribute to students’ involvement.

 highlight the most important findings on strategies
to gain and….

student involvement is essential to guarantee
effective teaching.

maintain student involvement
and prevent the class from going off-task

 

2.1   
STRATEGIES
TO GAIN STUDENTS’ ATTENTION AT THE BEGINNING OF THE LESSON

Paul Burden (2003) claims that “a successful lesson
beginning can greatly contribute to a meaningful learning experience for
students” (p. 166). The beginning of the lesson is very important part of the
hole learning process. There is the reason why the strategies for getting
students’ attention is going to be reviewed in this sub-chapter.

1.  
Communication skills

The Author of the Diploma Paper would like to start with
Sharon Garforth advices provided in “Attention and listening in early years”
book. One of the suggestions is related to the teacher’s communicating skills.
Firstly, it is recommended to simplify the language and vocabulary used during
the lesson, depending on the age of learners. Interest will be lost if language
is not clear. Another point regarding the communication skills is about the
volume and clarity. In order to sound interesting for the student to listen is
vital to speak loud enough, clear, use intonation. If teacher speaks in low monotone
voice, there may be trouble in maintaining students’ interest and attention. To
the Author’s opinion, this is one of the main aspects of getting the attention
in any case.

2.  
Body language.

Another suggestion is based on the teahcer’s movements
and the body – language. Kenneth D. Moore highly recommend avoiding “remaining
stationary behind a podium or desk when you teach” (p.342). By combining simple movements and gestures, such as pointing and mime, moving along the students,
teacher can refocus students’ attention. Based on the Author’s experience, many
teachers are using some specific gesture for making silence in the class or
giving any other signal to the class in order to pay their attention at the
particular moment. It is very convenient and practical method, however, it
needs time until all students get used to.  

3.  
Props and visual
materials

Moore emhasizes that “An
interesting demonstration, a discrepant event, or a picture will usually
attract students’ attention.” (p343.). If there are props, students can touch,
smell or see, it helps them to understand the learning material and make them
involved in the lesson. With young learners especially well works toys, dolls,
puppets. Garforth (p.13) adds it is worth to “give the puppet a name and then keep the puppet involved throughout the group
—children often attend to a puppet better than to an adult!”. In this
connection, for getting students attention, it is suggested to increase
the usage of visual cues.

4.  
Remove distractions

Looking from another point of view, any stimuli, including
toys and puppets, may distract the students. Due to this, before the beginning
of the lesson it is recommended to eliminate any kind of distraction, such as
opened door or windows, unnecessary materials etc. ( Burden, 2003) the Autor
considers that in case of being familiar with the toys on the daily basis,
students will not be distracted by them, as they will know that it is a part of
the lesson. Moreover, in case of the distraction, teacher can change a lesson
and make five minutes pause and play with students by using the distractor as
the tool for getting students attention.

5.    
 Do not begin until all students are paying
attention.

To avoid repeating
the instruction and waste the time, making sure everyone is paying attention is
major aspect. Otherwise, “it indicates that it is all
right to talk while others are talking” (Burden, 2003, p.168) and other students
will likely do the same after. Moore states that “facing the class in
silence, especially when you have small group, is often all that is needed for
gaining the attention and interest of your class.”(p 343). Silence and intense
stare is a good tool for teacher to get students attention. Nevertheless, it is
not going to work always, especially when students are too deep and excited
about the conversation.

6.    
Curiosity

In order to elicit the attention Chris Kyrioacou (1998 p.50)
distinguish the importance of the insertion “a sense of curiosity and
excitement”. Dick Arends adds that “Use
of uncommon or unique words, pictures, smells, or tastes can arouse curiosity
and in turn capture attention” (p.170). Students external attention will be
focused on unique costumes or objects, intriguing song or eye-catching
displays. Such method can stabilize attention till the end of the lesson, if it
is well planned. In teacher’s practice, this method was often used and worked the
best.