The human body is essential for ingesting many carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals daily. Lacking these nutrients, the body won’t be able to function well and eventually not survive for long. Therefore, these five nutrients are mandatory for maintaining a healthy body cycle and lifestyle. Individuals who consume an exceeded amount of nutrients than the recommended proportion would instantly have health issues affecting their body. Due to that, many people at a very young and old age are diagnosed with severe long-term diseases, which some has a very bad influence on their bodies and organs. Those diseases that people often get are either genetically inherited from the parents to the offsprings or they either get it from inactive or bad lifestyle routines, such as overeating which leads to obesity or fat build up. One of the most spread disease all around the world that affects a lot of people is known as the diabetes disease. Overeating and consuming an exceeded amount of sugar significantly caused people to be diagnosed with diabetes. Today, this disease affects about 10% of the world population. It varies in types, have symptoms that can be observed, but also can be naturally treated. Diabetes may last life-long and it is one of the most influencing diseases on the human body and internal organs.
Eating sugar on daily basis is very important to obtain energy and carbohydrates for the body. When sugar is eaten, it’s broken down into carbohydrates and energy during digestion which is a very important source of energy that all humans need. However, exceeding the average rate of consuming sugars that are required daily may lead to several diseases, including diabetes. Diabetes is a serious metabolic disease that affects the human body when a high rate of glucose is consumed and accumulates inside the body, but it can’t be easily digested, broken down, or used throughout the body. This is caused because an internal organ called pancreas is supposed to release a hormone insulin. The insulin protein opens up the cells and permits glucose to enter the pancreas, as well as having the role of transporting sugars throughout the body for maintaining energy and balancing the sugar amounts required for the body. Having too much sugar won’t allow this process to occur properly.
The insulin hormone works with another type of hormone called glucagon, which both are produced in the pancreas. Beta cells are cells in the pancreas that responsible for releasing insulin in the bloodstream of the body. These hormones are in charge of maintaining blood sugar levels in the body, preventing the sugar levels to get very high or very low. Additionally, the insulin protein carries out sugars to the cells that rely on it for energy. Other cells such as liver, muscle cells store any excess glucose as a substance called glycogen. Glycogen is a storage for any broken down, leftover sugars that the body won’t be able to use at the moment. This hormone supply excess sugars for other uses, such as when the sugar levels in the body get too low, sugars stored in this molecule can be released instantly in the blood for maintaining sugar levels. The hormone responsible for changing the stored glycogen back into glucose is called glucagon. Glycogen, Insulin, and glucagon hormones are vital and very important to exist in every human body for energy.
Individuals who cannot regulate blood sugar levels in the body would have glucose mellitus, which is the condition when an abnormal amount of sugar exists in the bloodstream. This condition leads to having diabetes disorders. Someone with diabetes has a hard time producing insulin and glycogen in the pancreas, which can result in dangerous situations. The unbalance of sugars in the blood is known as hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia. Hyperglycemia refers when the blood sugars in the body get too high, and hypoglycemia