Designing tools in construction have evolved from
paper drawing to computer aided design software and building information
modelling systems. However, on-site interpretation of the designs still
incorporate the use of 2-D paper drawings. A technology that can integrate
information and place it in time, space and context of the user is Augmented Reality.
The literature review investigates the prospects of Augmented
Reality pertaining to the construction industry. It concerns with finding the
use and impact of this emerging technology within the domains of design,
engineering and construction. The literature review suggests its adequacy in
tasks which require information analysis and human visualization.
In view of the research objectives, a qualitative
research strategy is proposed. Content analysis is recommended to make valid
interpretation of the resulting data and to present it in an empirical form.
The extensive literature review carried out will form the basis on which the
research will progress.Task efficiency is a major concern of the
participants within the construction industry. The emphasis has been on
developing technical solutions to solve this problem. Building information
models structure and consolidate visual information of the designed Reality.
However, interpretation of the information remains the task of humans. Augmented Reality (AR) is a technology or setting where virtual information
is inserted into the user’s view of the real world (Milgram and Colquhoun ,1999;
Azuma, 1997). In simple terms, Augmented Reality is an improved version of the Reality
itself. Augmented Reality has the potential to transform the way people
interact with and experience the surrounding environment.Every construction project must deliver within the constraints of time,
cost and quality, to the economic benefit of its stakeholders (Lock, 2007). Therefore
performance and productivity of the project participants often defines the
success of construction projects. Digitization can fundamentally change the way
businesses run by businesses encountering connected systems at every link in
the value chain (Roland Berger, 2016). Planners conventionally work off paper
drafts and drawings, which makes it difficult to compile and analyze data and
share information with project participants to ensure quality control and keep
operations running on schedule. By superimposing virtual data and images on to
a physical space, workers are able to see how the construction schedule might
be afflicted by potential complications and take measures to avoid them. AR provides a proactive approach to construction
management in that is helps to plan and spot issues ahead of time. AR technology is anticipated
to enhance the current state-of-the-art of architecture visualization, design
process, building construction and engineering management processes. Moreover, construction
industry’s concern with the generation of uncounted data and information that
must be picked up by different stakeholders, in varied conditions, making the use
of AR techniques most promising by involving construction personnel into the Augmented
workspace (Wang, Dunston, Skiniewski, 2004; Wang, 2007).1.
find the most promising areas of AR application.
compare the realistic and idealized view
compare the potential of AR with respect to the conventional methods.The aim of this study is to investigate how Augmented Reality can
support and transform the construction industryThis
review combines existing literature of representative works from a comprehensive
bibliography of papers in the field of AR applications in architecture, design,
construction, maintenance, etc. As the focus of this review is not on the
technical concerns of AR, those articles that concentrated simply on AR rather
than their applications in built environment are excluded (Wang et al., 2013).
Moreover, due to the emerging
nature of the subject matter, a search of grey documentation has been carried
out (Booth, Papaioannou and Sutton, 2014).Chapter 5
outlines the proposed research strategy, design and methodology for this
research. The choice of a qualitative
research strategy and cross-sectional design method are supported in view of the research
objectives. A semi-structured interview via purposive sampling is suggested as
the method for data collection. To present and analyze the data in an empirical
form, content analysis is envisioned. The issue of ethics is also considered in
this chapter. The literature reviewed in this paper shows the potential of
AR and instructional capabilities for improving the tasks involved in the
lifecycle of a construction project. Future versions of AR instructional
systems may assist site workers through the construction of actual buildings
and improve the quality of workmanship without reference to conventional
printed construction drawings. The potential impact of AR will increase with
improvement in the emerging technologies tied to it. The integration of
technologies will bring in systems that enhance both the efficiency and the
quality of building design and construction.
For AR to support and transform project delivery, more
efforts are needed for the advantages of the technology to be visible. Though
the potential of the AR technology has been convincing at an academic level,
improvements are required in several areas to prepare a reliable and responsive
solution for practical implementation.