Conflict between the West and Middle East has

Conflict between the West and Middle East has been a constant theme dating
back hundreds of years, and as eras change, the reasons for those conflicts
change along according to surrounding world events. Historically, the decline
of the Ottoman Empire in the nineteenth centaury paved a path for European
colonialism, which was ignited by the desire for extra territories and a gate
to Asia. Consequently, World War I started, and the conflicts were then mainly
about religion. However, after the war, when all countries broke out of the
European imperialism, England handed the Jewish people a piece of land that
originally belonged to the Palestinians in their 1917 Belfour Declaration;
Arabs and Middle Easterners in general took a stand against the Jews who were
later allied by many of the Westerners. This was the fire that caused the
smoke. In more recent times, after the discovery of the fortunes buried under
parts of the Middle Eastern region, the energy resources interested the
Westerners. Fossil fuels and oil depletion are the main reasons behind the
Western conflict with the Middle East; starting from the war on Iraq in 2003
till the Syrian intervention that has been recently planned in late August, and
several more focal events in between, gaining power and control over these
resources have been the motives behind many relatively recent political
encounters. 

Uses of Oil:

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In order to fully understand the Wests urge of control over Middle Eastern oil,
one must recognize the forms that those energy resources come in; given the
importance of oil in almost everything produced, controlling the basic
component would significantly affect the market. Petroleum products, in all of
their forms, are used in four major sectors: transportation, industry,
residency and commercialism. Oil used in transportation makes up almost 70% of
the annual US consumption, and is used for vehicle gasoline, diesel, and jet
fuel. 25% of their annual consumption is used for industrial products, which
include agricultural, manufacture, mining, and construction products.
Residential oil, used mostly for heating oils, and electricity and light
generation in buildings, and makes up around 3% of the annual US consumption.
The commercial products include cosmetics, fabrics, medicine, waxes, plastics,
and solvents, and make up around 2% of the United States’ consumption of oil.
According to the United States’ department of energy website, The U.S. Energy
Information Administration (EIA), approximately 10.6 million barrels of petroleum
were imported daily in 2012, and 3.2 million barrels were exported, which
results in net import of 7.4 million barrels imported daily. “Net imports
accounted for 40% of the petroleum consumed in the United States, the lowest
annual average since 1991…. The top five source countries of the U.S. petroleum
imports in 2012 were Canada, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, and Russia…. Net
imports from OPEC countries accounted for 55% of U.S. net imports” (EIA). The
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) include Algeria, Angola,
Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab
Emirates, and Venezuela; as seen, a couple of these countries, and one of the
main five importers, are located in the Middle East, which illustrates the
importance of this region to the United States and shows how the A