Chapter crime has a particularly harmful effect on

Chapter 2

Executive Summary

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Hate crime has a particularly harmful effect on its victims, as it seeks to attack an
intrinsic part of who they are or who they are perceived to be: their race, religion,
sexual orientation, disability or

dentity. The previous Government’s plan
to tackle hate crime
Challenge It, Report It, Stop It
, 2012)

improvements in the way in which hate crime can be reported
as well as


understanding within the
of the impact that

hate crime can have on
communities. Specific changes following that

lan include:

the p
, for the first time,
detailed findings from the Crime Survey for
England and Wales on the extent of hate crime victimisation in England and

an i
ement in

the police recording of hate crime

requiring police forces to
capture data on recorded hate crimes under all five of the monitored strands, and
publishing that data as Official Statistics;

the f


a number of projects with voluntary sec
tor organisations working
with victims of hate crime under the Ministry of Justice’s Victim and Witness Fund;

mended legislation to provide for enhanced sentencing in a wider range of
crimes, including
for the first time
a victim’s transgender identit
y as an aggravating


According to the
ndependent Crime Survey for England and Wales

there were an
estimated 222,000 hate crimes on average

year from 2012/13 to 2014/15. This
represents a decrease of 56,000 since the previous period covered by

the survey.
However, despite an increase in the number of hate crimes recorded by the police

from 44,471 in 2013/14 to 52,528 in 2014/15

the difference between police figures
and the crime survey show that hate crimes continue to be significantly unde



Hate crime victims are more likely to suffer repeat victimisation, more likely to suffer
serious psychological impacts as a result, and less likely than the victims of other
crime to be satisfied with the police response.


lan focu
ses five key areas to tackle hate crime from beginning to end

from understanding the drivers of hate crime and dealing with its causes to providing
improved support to victims:

Preventing hate crime by challenging the beliefs and attitudes that can unde
such crimes. We will work to give young people and teachers the tools to tackle

hatred and prejudice, including through a new programme to equip teachers to
facilitate conversations about ‘difficult topics’ and carry out a new assessment of
the level
of anti

Muslim, antisemitic, homophobic, racist and other bullying in
schools to inform further action to reduce levels of such bullying. We will continue
to work with community partners such as the Anne Frank Trust and Streetwise to
deliver educational pr
ojects that help young people challenge prejudice and

Responding to hate crime in our communities with the aim of reducing the number
of hate crime incidents. This includes the introduction of a £2.4m funding scheme
for security measures a
t vulnerable faith institutions, measures to tackle hate
crime on public transport and in the night

time economy by providing training,
raising awareness and making reporting easier, and establishing three community
demonstration projects to explore new wa
ys of tack
ing hate crime in local
communities. We will also take action against online hate crime, including a
ministerial seminar with social media companies and counter

narrative work.

Increasing the reporting of hate crime, through improving the report
ing process,
encouraging the use of third party reporting and working with groups who may

report, such as disabled people, Muslim women, the Charedi community,
transgender people, Gypsy, Traveller and Roma communities, and new refugee
communities. We

will work with the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) to ensure
that perpetrators are punished, and to publicise successful prosecutions to
encourage people to have the confidence that when they report hate crime, action
will be taken.

Improving support for

the victims of hate crime. We will continue to improve the
use of Victim Personal Statements to ensure that victims of hate crime have their
voices heard. The CPS will produce new guidance on community impact
statements for hate crime, reflecting that hat
e crime can have an impact beyond
individual victims and lead to increased feelings of isolation or fear across whole
communities. And to improve the experience of witnesses at court, the CPS will
conduct a joint review with the police of Witness Care Unit

Building our understanding of hate crime through improved data, including the
disaggregation of hate crimes records by religion. Our Extremism Analysis Unit
will conduct a review into neo

Nazi networks and we will continue to develop our
networks and r
elationships with academics to identify opportunities for
collaboration, to ensure that we are able to learn from academic insights into hate
crime and the ways of combating it.


Underlying the plan are two key themes

working in partnership with communit
and joining up work across the hate crime strands to ensure that best practice in
tackling hate crime
understood and drawn upon in all our work.


The actions set out in this

have been developed through discussions with
those communities mos
t affected by hate crime. It is those communities and
organisations that represent them that often respond to hate crime at the local level,
working to tackle hate crime in their area and provide support to victims.


This Action Plan represents a partn
ership between
Government, the criminal
justice agencies (the

, the CPS, the courts and the National Offender
Management Service) and community groups representing those affected by hate
crime. It has been developed with the support of th
e Independent Advisory Group on
hate crime.


Delivery of the Action Plan will be overseen by a project board that brings together the
criminal justice agencies and relevant government departments as well as the
Independent Advisory Group on hate crime.