Brief criteria used for selection and promotion

Brief Description:
      Merit-based recruitment
and promotion involves the specification of objective criteria related to
qualifications, experience and ability to achieve organizational goals as the
basis for decisions concerning entry into (or advancement within) the Civil
Service. Merit-based systems strive to ensure the recruitment and selection of
the “best” and most capable candidates, thereby assisting efforts to
attract, secure and retain professional, high-quality civil servant.

Employment
equity is an important issue in civil service of Pakistan. Being the resident
of southern Punjab Province every citizen having complex in their mind. They
have the same potential and energy but they are certainly ignored in merit
system of civil service. Madarassa school system getting strength in southern
Punjab which flourishes the extreme religious values in mind of common people
which leads towards act of terrorism.

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Although
a merit system does not fulfils the requirement of transparency and the
criteria used for selection and promotion decisions are not made known to the
public and are open to scrutiny. The condition of contestability is established
whenever mechanisms exist that permit perceived violations of merit-based
hiring or promotion decisions to be reviewed and challenged. The Federal Public
Service Commission is entrusted to institutionalize merit-based, transparent
recruitment for the civil service.

 

Level of Research
Already Carried Out on the Proposed Topic:            Following    literature has been
gleaned through for the purpose of initial thought consolidation:-

The CSP is one of the heirs of
the famous Indian Civil Service (ICS) created by the British and considered to
be the “steel frame” of Britain’s administration in India (Burki,
1969). British often used to describe the Indian Civil
Service as the steel frame of the whole structure which constituted the
Government of India (Chene, M. 2008).’
Today in the Government of Pakistan the civil servants often play an even more
powerful role than that of their imperial predecessors (Abbasi,
2011). Their ascent to power has been both steady and
dramatic (Sayeed,
1958)..

 According to study, the administrators of the
new state of Pakistan have done much to preserve what they thought was worthy
and desirable of their proud heritage (Gorvine, 1965). They have been particularly
successfully doing so though in passing they have inadvertently reserved any of
the conditions associated with colonial rule. Colonial India had been governed
by a minute number of Europeans (Gorvine, 1965).

Long
after independence, the members of the CSP continue to hold key positions in
all tiers of government, exercising an influence “far disproportionate to
their numbers and changing environment characterized by one political
revolution (October, 1958) and two economic revolutions (1963-65 and 1967-68),
the CSP has not only displayed a remarkable ability to survive but has, to the
consternation of many, grown enormously in both power and prestige (Burki,
1969).

Bureaucracy was discredited
because of agitation and protest in the urban centers and breakup of the
Pakistani state (Shafaqat,
2014). Bureaucracy is pivotal to modern government. This
is recognized both by the proponents and the opponents of bureaucracy.

Civil service refers to the body
of government officials who are employed in civil occupations that are neither
political nor judicial  (Husnain,
2010). A well-functioning civil service helps to foster
good policymaking, effective service delivery, accountability and
responsibility in utilizing public resources which are the characteristics of
good governance (Cyan,
2006). The importance of the civil service to governance
stems from the service presence throughout the country and its strong binding
character, administrative and managerial capacity of the services, effective
policy-making and regulation, effective coordination between institutions of
governance, leadership at different levels of administration, service delivery
at the cutting edge level and provide ‘continuity and change’ to the
administration (Imtiaz,
2013). Moreover, intra-service rivalries isolated the
dominant bureaucrats from the larger administrative system (Ziring
& LaPorte, 1974).

 

 

Abbasi, A.
(2011). Public sector governance in Pakistan: Board of Investment (BOI). International Journal of Politics and Good
Governance, 2(2.1), 1-28.

Burki,
S. J. (1969). Teventy yaers of the civil service of Pakistan. Asian survey, 239-254.

Cyan,
M. R. (2006). Main issues for setting the civil service reform agenda in
Pakistan. The Pakistan Development Review,
1241-1254.

Gorvine,
A. (1965). The Civil Service under the Revolutionary Government in Pakistan. Middle East Journal, 321-336.

Husnain,
Z. (2010). Devolution, Accountability, and Servis delevery in Pakistan. The Pakistan development review,
129-152.

Imtiaz,
S. A. (2013). A Study on the Civil Service Structure, Civil Servants Training
and an Overview of National Commission of. German
Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).

Kalia,
S. (2006). Bureaucratic Policy Making in Pakistan. Department of Public Administration,University of Karachi.

Lawrence
Ziring and Robert LaPorte, J. (1974). The Pakistan Bureaucracy: Two Views. Asian Survey, 1086-1103.

Sayeed,
K. B. (1958). The Political Role of Pakistan’s Civil Service. Pacific Affairs 131-146.

Shafaqat, S. (1999). Pakistani Bureaucracy: Crisis of
Governance and Prospects of Reform. The
Pakistan Development Review, 995-1017.

Shafaqat, S. (2014). Civil Service Reform and 18th Amendment. Centre for Civic Education Pakistan,
19-34.

Ziring, L., & LaPorte, R. (1974). The Pakistan
Bureaucracy: Two Views. Asian Survey, 14(12),
1086-1103.

Reason/Justification for the Selection of the
Topic:    

            Long
after autonomy, the individuals from the CSP keep on holding key positions in
all levels of government, practicing an impact “far lopsided to their
numbers and changing condition described by one political upset (October, 1958)
and two monetary insurgencies (1963-65 and 1967-68), the CSP has shown an
exceptional capacity to make due as well as has, to the horror of many,
developed tremendously in both power and renown (Burki,
1969).

these difficulties adequately (Shafaqat,
1999). The PPP and its initiative had accepted power
through well known vote; accordingly the ruler’s basic was to build up super
ordinate-subordinate connection between the chose open authorities and the
organization (Shafaqat,
2014).

The higher or world class
organization in Pakistan held huge power and delighted in outstanding benefit (Lawrence Ziring and Robert LaPorte,
1974). Administration frames life blood of any
legislature and it fills in as a black box where general society requests and
backings are changed into activities and strategies. The part of Pakistan’s
administration in approach issues and the different components that have molded
its character in the nation’s administration (Sayeed,
1958). Elements of approach making have been examined, trailed
by the arrangement and nature of Pakistan’s organization under various
administrations. Through verifiable investigation, evidential examination and
perception; current part of organization in arrangement matters has been
contended (Kalia, 2006).

Purpose of study:

Employment
equity is an important issue in civil service of Pakistan. Being the resident
of southern Punjab Province every citizen having complex in their mind. They
have the same potential and energy but they are certainly ignored in merit
system of civil service. Madrassa school system getting strength in southern
Punjab which flourishes the extreme religious values in mind of common people
which leads towards act of terrorism.

6.    
Problem Statement:  Pakistan deteriorating civil service is in urgent
need of repair.

Merit
system does not fulfils the requirement of transparency and the criteria used
for selection and promotion decisions are not made known to the public and are
open to scrutiny.

Hypothesis:

      Which is the major factor that affects
southern Punjab Students in CSS recruitment?

8.     
 Moderator of independent and dependent.

·        
Bribery has a moderate role in employment equity and
Bureaucracy.

·        
Bribery has moderate role between administrative corruption
and civil services.

·        
Bribery has a moderate role in employment equity and civil
services.

·        
Bribery has a moderate role in administrative corruption and
bureaucracy.

·        
Favoritism has a moderate role in employment equity and
Bureaucracy.

·        
Favoritism has a moderate role in administrative corruption
and bureaucracy.

·        
Favoritism has moderate role between administrative
corruption and civil services.

·        
Favoritism has the moderate role in employment equity and
civil services.

Objectives:

1.      To
find out the major factor which affect southern Punjab Students in selection of
CSS.

2.      To
find out how Selection criteria is more effective  for southern Punjab students in CSP (Civil
services of Pakistan)

10.  Relation btw independent and dependent variable.

o  
Civil services has a positive relation with employment
equity. 

o  
Civil services has a positive relationship with
administrative corruption.

o  
Bureaucracy has a positive relation with employment equity.

o  
Bureaucracy has a positive relationship with .administrative
corruption.

Methodology
:

The
research design is qualitative in nature. Qualitative methods typically produce
a wealth of detailed data about a much smaller number of people and cases”. The
literature for this study included civil service laws, rules at the federal and
provincial Levels International reports and journals, Government of Pakistan
notifications.

12.  Relevance to National
Needs:

Merit-based recruitment and promotion
involves the specification of objective criteria related to qualifications,
experience and ability to achieve organizational goals as the basis for
decisions concerning entry into (or advancement within) the Civil Service.

7.      Recommendations :   Following advantages are
visualized in terms of:-

            The study recommends adopting the
effective designing and implementation of policies and programs of civil servants.
New role that the Federal Public Service Commission should be assigned is not
to serve merely as an examining agency. Instead, it should be given the role of
formulating personnel policies, planning and projecting man power needs of the
governmental organization, setting standards and enforcing these standards.      

8. Conclusion:

Pakistan’s
civil service has been following the British model, yet now it is being
professionalized. Rank-based framework, the generalists are liked to pros, and
lifetime business is given to its occupants. The normal man in most Asian
nations sees the common administrations framework to be wasteful, degenerate,
ailing in creative capacities and unwilling to change. Absence of
straightforwardness frequently prompts wrong financial and political choices, a
significant number of which influence Civil Service Reforms. Great
administration includes advancing the govern of law, resilience and a
straightforward financial and political procedures and an autonomous legal.
Most importantly, great administration implies regard for human rights. There
is a need to change the part of government from controller to facilitator, with
an accentuation on refocusing and narrowing of general duties, and enhancing
conveyance of administrations to the general population, and trying endeavors
for improved principles and methodology, decentralization and designation. A
Civil Service Reform Unit administers the usage of changes in common
administration, while the Federal Public Service Commission is endowed to
standardize justify based, straightforward enrollment for the common administration.
The other feature of common administration is the solid connection between’s
the degree of government contribution in the economy, and the measure of
defilement. Likewise, the degree of defilement in a nation is represented by
the structure of its open administrations, especially their determination and
advancement forms, and their wage scales near to the private part. Government
workers require viable preparing and vocation advancement, which would bring
about better authoritative and individual execution. The structure of common
administration execution examinations ought to associate with center skills,
with particular objectives for the coming audit time frame to build center
capabilities. Government workers should be held based on the ampleness of their
execution and insufficient execution ought to be remedied. The individuals who
can’t or won’t enhance their execution ought to be isolated from benefit.
Government workers are to be ensured against subjective activity, individual
bias, or intimidation for divided political purposes; restricted from utilizing
their official specialist or impact to interfere with or influencing the
consequence of a race or an assignment for race; and be shielded against
retaliation for the legitimate revelation of data which the representatives
sensibly trust confirms an infringement of any law, manage, or direction.
period to build center capabilities. Government workers should be held based on
the sufficiency of their execution and insufficient execution ought to be
adjusted. The individuals who can’t or won’t enhance their execution ought to
be isolated from benefit. Government workers are to be secured against
discretionary activity, individual preference, or intimidation for fanatic
political purposes; precluded from utilizing their official expert or impact to
interfere with or influencing the aftereffect of a race or a selection for
race; and be shielded against backlash for the legal exposure of data which the
representatives sensibly trust proves an infringement of any law, administer,
or direction.