As all these problems led us for

As technology advances the world gets smarter
and closer. Smart city is one of the objectives of making world smarter. The main target in making city smarter is to adopt smart transportation
system.

Increase in population at outrageous pace to a digit of 7
billion, simultaneously the transportation systems have also increased at a
higher rate leading to traffic congestion. Congestion causes decrease in
efficiency and due to this travel time also increases, so all these problems
led us for making picture of an Intelligent transportation system which
represents a group of technologies using which one will be able to manage
transportation system, public transit as well as the transportation
infrastructure.

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The Intelligent Transportations Systems includes
technologies like Wireless networks, Electronics and automated technology to
improve safety, efficiency and to provide convenient transportation. 

Intelligent Transportations Systems is designed
for urban/state/private road transport organization. Every system related to
transportation is turned smarter, which in turn makes the whole transportation
intelligent. So here we propose our ideas to make the transportation system smarter.

1.     We came across accidents happening at curves at
the hill stations due to lack of awareness of vehicles coming from the opposite
direction. So to avoid this we can use series of ultrasonic sensor to detect
the vehicle and display it on a screen using IOT technology which alerts the
driver to slow down if a vehicle is approaching from opposite direction.

2.     Proximity sensor can be used to detect humps so
that driver can be alerted to slow down the vehicle. The
same system can be used to drive in foggy area where the driver cannot see the
vehicle ahead.

3.     Accidents also occur due to stress of driver.
Using brain waves one can detect whether the driver is falling asleep and based
on this, driver can be alerted and vehicle speed can be reduced after
indicating it through switching on the parking lights.

4.     Traffic congestion can be reduced by sending the
details to the driver regarding the traffic in one particular area and allowing
the driver to take another route such that distributing the number of vehicles
to different routes. This can be implemented using GPS system.

5.     Traffic is also caused due to rash driving. Here
we detect rash driving of vehicle drivers by using potentiometer placed at the
steering and taking the number of times the steering is rotated in the
specified time as an input and to achieve this we are monitoring the vehicle
steering movement continuously and if in case there is any signal from the
adopted system then the message will be sent to nearby check post or police
station by the help of IOT for further actions.

6.     We should develop a system if in case accident has
occurred to help the victim to deal with it and also to avoid further traffic.
This is done using tilt sensor and GPS where the sensor attached to the vehicle
detects the tilt angle and location of accident and sends the message to nearby
hospital, Police station and to victim’s family members using IOT. If the
accident is not serious then the driver will be provided with a switch so as to
stop sending the message to nearby hospital, Police station and to victim’s
family members.

7.     The smarter vehicle also should be energy
efficient. Many a times we have witnessed a situation where a driver keeps the
engine of the vehicle turned on when not in use. We can develop a system to
monitor this by turning off the engine automatically if the vehicle is in rest
for some particular extent. This
is helpful during traffic signals. Along with automatic system to turn off we
should provide manual switch in case of emergency like making a way to
ambulance.

 

Hence all these ideas can be brought under one
roof using “Internet of Things” technology to implement in every vehicle to
make a safer, smarter and sustainable transportation system.