Abstract processing unit to stop the water supply

Abstract – With
increase in population, urban residential areas have increased because of this
reasons water has become a crucial problem which affects the problem of water
distribution, water conservation, water consumption and also interrupted water
supply. People have to suffer from this problem that they don’t have sufficient
amount for their daily needs, so to overcome water supply related problems and
make system efficient there is need of proper monitoring and controlling
system. In this paper, we present an IOT design for water monitoring and
control approach which focuses on continuous and real time monitoring of water
supply that enables proper distribution so that we can have a record of
available amount of water in tanks, flow rate abnormality in distribution line.
This project proposes the conceptual design of closed loop automated water
distribution system for residential buildings. Here electronic flow sensors are
fixed in the pipeline of every user, when the system is turned on the amount of
water utilized by the user is monitored and controlled by using micro
controller by counting the pulses from all channels continuously. The maximum
amount of water to be consumed by individual user is fixed based on the
availability of water reserves in the tank. The valve turns on/off by the
central processing unit to stop the water supply whenever the flow rate exceed
a predefined limit. Thus, a closed-loop control system can be implemented. This
system is interfaced with the computer to store consumption of individual users
in real time and also to manage the system through the computer will be much
easier for admin.


Key Words:  IOT, Water distribution
system, Electronic flow meter, closed loop water system, Arduino UNO, Wi-Fi,
Water level sensor, Solenoid valve

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I. Introduction

Water is an important resource for all the livings on the earth.
In that, some people are not getting sufficient amount of water because of
unequal distribution. Water is the basic need of the humans. So, it should be
supplied properly and at right time to fulfill the daily activities. The main
objective is to design and develop a low cost, reliable and efficient technique
to make proper water distribution by continuous monitoring and also controlling
it from central server so that we can solve water related problems. This
project will help us to provide water in a proper sequential order. In order to
implement water distribution system in a proper channelized manner to the end
users, the control room of each apartment should be provided with a micro
controller to regulate the required quantity of water in proper time interval.
The electric actuated solenoid valve will be shut down automatically when the
limit reaches the determined threshold value. With the help of the internal
predefined clock in the system, the flow of water through the valve is
controlled. The Wi-Fi module is employed for wireless communication so that
message can be sent to the authority in the central control room.