A stand out in a crowd. Personality is

A Study of Mental Health of School Students in Relation to
their Personality

                   Dr.
V. B. Gohil

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        Assistant
Professor & Head,

Shree V. M. Sakariya Mahila Arts College,

                Botad ( Gujarat)   

 

Abstract:-

 

 This research paper
is an to study the relationship between  mental health and different dimensions of
personality of school students. The population of the study comprised of government
school students of Gujarat. To collect the sample of the present study 300
school students were randomly selected from three districts of Gujarat namely
Ahemdavad , Bhavnagar and Botad based on the literacy levels (high, average and
low). The sample comprised of 150 male and 150 female students. The mental health
and personality were measured by Mental Health Check
List (1992) by Pramod Kumar. And Eysenck’s Personality Questionaire- Revised
(EPQ-R) 1975 by Eysenck. The relationship between mental health and personality
of school students was explored by using product moment correlation (r). The
table 1 shows the coefficient of correlation between mental health and
dimensions of personality of school students.

Key
Words: Mental Health, Personality, Adolescents,
Gender

 

Full  Research Paper

 

·       
Introduction:

In the present era, knowledge explosion is entering
into various streams through the applications of technology. It has brought
lots of new technologies and researches into existence which has contributed to
man’s development through education. In this competitive world, students face a
lot of stress which hinders their mental health and personality. Mental health refers to our
cognitive and emotional wellbeing. It is all about how we think, feel and
behave. According to World Health Organization (2007) mental health is not just the absence of mental disorder. Mental
health is a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own
potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and
fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community. Mental health of a person among other things
is concerned with the sense of growth and development, personality and
adjustment, success and happiness, effective membership of group or community. Personality
refers to the total pattern or configuration of all qualities of body, mind and
behaviour. Personality is to man, what perfume is to a flower. Thus personality
is innate in man. It cannot be separated from him.

                        In concise it is the
result of lifelong experiences and surroundings. Shah (2009) referred personality to all what is unique about an
individual that is the characteristics that makes one stand out in a crowd.
Personality is the sum total of individual’s psychological traits,
characteristics, motives, habits, attitudes, beliefs and outlooks. Friend et
al. (2007) viewed personality as a mirror of individual’s behaviour.
Personality and mental health have a relationship which shows the effect of
mental health on individual’s personality. One of the important criteria of
good mental health is integration of personality. If the child knows how to
balance his psychic forces, understands himself and share other people’s
emotional ability to concentrate at work task he will face no personality and
mental problems. Presence and absence of mental health will automatically alter
the appearance and expression of personality traits.

Singh and Agnihotri (2013) examined the
relationship between mental health and self-confidence of 600 tenth class
students of Gujarat. It was found that majority of adolescents had average
level of mental health and self-confidence. But a positive significant
relationship exists between mental health and self-confidence of secondary
school students.

Sethi and Kapoor (2013)
explored the relationship between mental health and adjustment of 200 students
studying in IX class of Ludhiana. The results revealed a positive relation
between mental health and adjustment of students. Singh (2012) studied the
relationship between personality and mental health of school students of Patiala
district. The study revealed that male and female students had significant
difference on extraversion and neuroticism dimensions of personality, whereas
there was no significant difference on psychoticism dimension of personality.
Negative relationship between neuroticism and psychoticism dimension of
personality and mental health was found.  

Shirazi et al. (2012)
examined the relationship between mental health and personality characteristics
among three hundred students from Aligarh. The result showed there was
significant relationship between mental health and personality characteristics.
It also found agreeableness, neuroticism and openness as significant predictors
of mental health. There was no significant difference of professional and
non-professional students’ mental health and personality characteristics in
terms of gender.

 Rahmani
et al. (2012) explored the gender differences in five factor model of
personality and sensation seeking one hundred seventy seven undergraduate
students (108 female and 69 male) from University of Tehran. The findings
indicated that girls showed significantly higher scores on openness and
agreeableness compared with boys. Moreover, sensation seeking of boys was
significantly different from girls. Male students showed significantly higher
scores on subscales of thrill and adventure seeking, disinhibition and boredom
susceptibility than female students.

·       
Objective

 

Ø  To
study the relationship between mental health and different dimensions of
personality of school students.

 

·       
Hypothesis

 

Ø  There
is no significant relationship between mental health and different dimensions
of personality of school students.

 

Ø  Mental Health: Mental
Health is an index which shows the extent to which person has been able to meet
his environmental elements- social, emotional or physical. It helps in
identifying person with poor mental health in need of psycho diagnostic help us
measured by Mental Health Checklist (Pramod Kumar, 1992).

Ø  Personality: Personality
is more or less stable and enduring organization of person’s characters,
temperament, intellect and physique which determine his unique adjustment to
his environment which includes three dimensions: Psychoticism, Extraversion and
Neuroticism as measured by Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire Revised
(Eysenck, 1975).

Ø  Psychoticism:
They are solitary, troublesome, cruel, lacking in feeling and empathy, hostile
to others, sensation seeking and liking odd and unusual things.

Ø  Extraversion:
They are out going, uninhibited, sociable proclivities person.

Ø  Neuroticism:
Refers to general emotional liability of a person, his emotional over
responsiveness and his liability to neurotic breakdown under stress.

 

·       
Delimitation

 

Only students of ninth class of government schools
of Gujarat state were included in the study.

 

·       
Sample

The population of the study comprised of government school students of
Gujarat. To collect the sample of the present study 300 school students were
randomly selected from three districts of Gujarat namely Ahemdavad, Bhavnagar
and Botad based on the literacy levels (high, average and low). The sample
comprised of 150 male and 150 female students.

 

 

·      Tools

 

Ø  Mental
Health Check List (1992) by Pramod Kumar.

Ø  Eysenck’s
Personality Questionaire- Revised (EPQ-R) 1975 by Eysenck.

 

 

·       
Results

 

The
relationship between mental health and personality of school students was
explored by using product moment correlation (r). The table 1 shows the
coefficient of correlation between mental health and dimensions of personality
of school students.

 

Table
1

Relationship
Between Mental Health and Dimensions of Personality of School students

 

Mental
Health/
Dimensions
of Personality

Coefficient
of Correlation (r)

Psychoticism

0.14*

Extroversion

-0.04
(NS)

Neuroticism

0.22**

 

*p<0.05; **p< 0.01; NS: Not significant at 0.05 level.   The results presented in table 1 indicate that the coefficient of correlation (r) of Psychoticism and mental health is 0.14. It is significant at 0.05 level which shows that when problems related to mental health increases then psychotic tendencies within the individual increases relatively. By initiating the improvement in mental health of an individual we can reduce the psychotic tendencies of a person. Relationship between Psychoticism and mental health problems are positive. It means that if there is decrease in mental health problems in a person then psychotic tendencies will also decreases. The coefficient of correlation (r) of extroversion and mental health is -0.04. It is not significant at 0.05 level which shows that increase or decrease in problems related to mental health will not affect an extrovert person. So the hypothesis that there is no significant relationship between mental health and different dimensions of personality of school students stands rejected, but the negative value (-) of coefficient shows as the mental health problems decreases tendency of extraversion increases and vice versa is also true. The coefficient of correlation (r) of neuroticism and mental health is 0.22. It is significant at 0.01 level which shows that when problems related to mental health increases then neurotic tendencies within the individual increases relatively. By initiating the improvement in mental health of an individual we can reduce the neurotic behaviour of a person. Relationship between neuroticism and mental health problems are positive. It means that if there is decrease in mental health problems in a person then neurotic tendencies will also decrease in an individual. Thus, the hypothesis that there will be no significant relationship between the mental health and different dimensions of personality of school students is partially rejected.     ·        Conclusions   Ø  There was significant relationship in mental health and psychoticism dimension of personality. Ø  There was no significant relationship in mental health of school students and extroversion dimension of personality. Ø  There was significant relationship in mental health and neuroticism dimension of personality.   ·        Educational Implications   Ø  The present study will help the administrators, policy makers, planners and researchers to reframe the curriculum according to the requirements of school students. Ø  The knowledge of mental health and personality of school students will help teachers and parents to develop the personality and improve the mental health of their children. Ø  Parents should make use of various methods and use daily life experiences to improve mental health and personality of their students. Ø  Teachers should be trained efficiently to develop and maintain the positive mental health and personality of school students.   ·        References   Eysenck, H.J. (1975) Manual for Eysenck's Personality Questionnaire- Revised (EPQ-R). Agra: National Psychological Cooperation. Friend, M. and Cook, L. (2007) Interaction: Collaborative Skills for School Professional. New York: Longman Publisher. Kumar, Pramod. (1992) Mental Health Check List (MHC). Agra: National Psychological Cooperation (NPC). Rahmani, Soudeh. and Lavasani, Masoud Gholamali (2012) Gender Differences in Five Factor Model of Personality and Sensation Seeking. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46, 2906 – 2911, Published by Elsevier Ltd. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.05.587. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/ science/article/pii/S1877042812017168  on 4 December 2013.   Sethi, Monika. and Kapoor, Neha (2013) Mental Health of Adolescent in Relation to Adjustment. Recent Researches in Education and Psychology, 18(NOS-III-IV), 89-92. Shah, C.K. (2009) Personality Development of children: A Study of Personality Development of children as a Function of Parental Authoritarianism. Bombay: Multi Tech Publishing Cooperation. Shirazi, Mahmoud., Khan, Matloob Ahmed. and Ansari, Mohd. Faim A. (2012) Mental Health in Relation to Personality Characteristics among Professional and Non-Professional Students. International Refereed Research Journal, 3(1), 8-15. Singh, Ravinder. and Agnihotri, Anil Kumar (2013) Mental Health of Secondary School Students in Relation to Self-Confidence.  Golden Research Thoughts, 2(11), 1-6. Singh, Satnam. (2012) A Study of Personality on School Students in Relation to their Mental Health. M.Ed Dissertation. Punjabi University, Patiala. World Health Organization (2007) What is Mental Health? Retrieved from http://www.who.int/features/qa/62/en/ on 30 May 2014.