The concept of constructing a dam on
the Three Gorges to make use of the power of the river Yangtze is a dream that is centauries old. In the early 90’s, Dr. Sun Yat-sen, a
Chinese physician and revolutionary first
proposed that a Three Gorges Dam Project to be constructed. Various experts
conducted investigations and started working on the project but because of
historic reasons and lack of resources and technology the development of the
project remained only a dream. After almost ten hearings on the expediency of
the project the Government of China concluded that the merits of the project
far overweigh its demerits and approved the project in 1992.

The government had three main goals
for this project, flood control, power generation and navigation. Previously the population sorrounding the lower and middle
and lower regions of the Yangtze suffered immense losses from flooding affecting
both human lives and property. In 1931 alone almost three hundred thousand
hectares of cultivated land were lost and about 145 thousand people were
drowned. Therefore the construction of a dam was necessary
to propel China into the 21st century and without it, China will have
difficulty in providing energy to its immense population and moreover the
energy obtained from the dam is more environmentally friendly than other alternative
sources present at that period.

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