Germany’s estimated total population is
approximately 82 million – making it the most populous country in the European
Union and in Western Europe, more generally. Most of the population is ethnic
German? the primary language is also German. Near the border with Denmark, in
the north, an ethnic Danish minority is resident. Resident ethnic groups
include Spanish, Greeks, Italians, Russian, and Poles.
In terms of religious affiliation,
approximately 38 percent of Germans are Protestant? about 34 percent are Roman
Catholic. About two percent of the population is Muslim. The remaining 26
percent of the population are either unaffiliated with a specific religion or
they belong to other unspecified religions.
Germany is a wealthy country with a
sophisticated socio-economic infrastructure and a high quality of life.
According to year recent estimates, Germans have an average life expectancy at
birth of 77.5 years of age (74 years for males, 81 years for females). The
infant mortality rate is 4.65 deaths per 1,000 live births. The population has
an estimated average literacy rate of 99 percent.
CULTURE AND ARTS
since the 1990s — a new brand of German
art, manifest in painting and photography has been enjoying international
success. Known as “Young German Artists,” the main players are centered in
Leipzig, Berlin and Dresden
Today, Germany is one of the world’s
biggest music markets. It has also been the home of contemporary musicians such
as Scorpions, Rammstein, Nena, Dieter Bohlen, Tangerine Dream, Karlheinz
Stockhausen and Kraftwerk. Industrial music and electronic music have both
found their homes in Germany. In fact, Germany hosts many massive rock music
festivals annually including the “Rock am Ring” festival.
German literature has a lengthy legacy that
reaches back to the Middle Ages. Notable authors include Walther von der
Vogelweide and Wolfram von Eschenbach. The Nibelungenlied, whose author remains
unknown, is also an important work, as is the Thidrekssaga. In the 19th
century, fairy tales collections collected and published by Jacob and Wilhelm
Grimm came to the fore and now have been translated across the world.
Germany, 2017. Social Overview retrieved
The environmental laws at the federal and
state level are generally implemented by the Länder. The highest national
authority for environmental matters is the Federal Ministry for the
Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety. The 16 Länder also have
their own environment ministries.
Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety
Environment ministries of the Länder
The Federal Ministry for the Environment
collates all Acts and Regulations within its area of competence. This is broken
down into the following fields:
General environmental protection
Laws on chemicals
Renewable energy/climate protection
Nuclear safety/radiological protection
Nature and landscape conservation
REGULATIONS RELATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
The aim of the ‘Act to promote closed
cycle waste management and environmentally sustainable waste disposal’ (Closed
Cycle Waste Management and Disposal Act) and the subordinate regulations based
on it is to encourage the avoidance and recycling of waste and to promote its
environmentally sustainable disposal.
There are various law and Act related to
the use of chemicals. Such as;
Act (Act on protection against hazardous substances)
Hazardous Substances Regulation
Biocides Licensing Regulation
Biocides Notification Regulation
Washing and Cleaning Agents Act
on Maximum Permissible Phosphate Levels
Ozone Layer Regulation.
Climate Protection Regulation
Business must comply with various Acts
and Regulations in relation to water conservancy. Bodies of water (inland
lakes, coastal waters and groundwater) are managed by the State. Any use of
water – with a few exceptions – therefore requires an official permit or approval.
Provisions applicable throughout Germany
can be found in the following Acts:
Management Act – WHG
Water Levy Act – AbwAG
Water Regulation – AbwV
Regulation – GrwV
on long-distance pipelines – RohrFltgV
Climate and air
In Germany, the European emissions
trading system is mainly implemented by the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading
For the 2008-2012 allocation period, the
total number of permits to be issued by Germany, and the rules for allocating
them, are set out in the Allocation Act 2012.
In Germany, the requirements for noise
protection from industrial facilities are set out in the Federal Emission
Control Act (BImSchG). The requirements of the BImSchG are intended to
safeguard the area around industrial facilities from significant annoyance
caused by noise emissions.
Emission Control Act
The fundamental rules on nuclear safety,
radiation protection and the procurement and disposal of radioactive materials
are laid down in the ‘Act on the peaceful use of atomic energy and protection
against the associated hazards’ (Atomic Energy Act) of 23 December 1959.
February 28, 2012. Doing
business in Germany: Environmental rules retrieved from