Moringa Oleifera belongs to the family of Monogeric and it is widely
cultivated. The Moringaceae is present in the tracks of Himalia including Pakistan,
India, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. It grows so rapidly and it is also called
(benzolive tree, tree of drumstick , horseradish tree, moonga, saijhan,
mulangay). In the ancient, Moringa
Oleifera was also utilized by Greeks, Egyptian and Romans..
But now due to its thousands of
benefits it is utilized by all over the world and it is cultivated in many
other countries due to its medicinal effect and people use it more and more. Moringa Oleifera
has the never ending, continual and never changing soft wood tree of low
quality of timber which is widely uses as the medicinal and industrial uses.
Now a days Moringa Oleifera is widely grow in India , Pakistan, tropical Asia, America
Philippines, Sudan, west , pacific Island, east Aferica and Florida.
Moringa Oleiferais all parts are edible so it is consumed by humen. The other uses of Moringa are following:
leaves use for domested use
use as clarifier for honey and cane juice
used for the growth of plants,
used for pulp (wood)
Bark Used in the rope
Gums and barks rich source for the tannins
powder seeds used for water filteraton
Its oil has no stickness. Prevent from
oxidation. So some time use in salad dressing, cosmetics and perfumes.
also extracted from its trunks
Moringa Oleferia also used for the combat malnutrition. The
three nongovernmental Organization “World Church service”, “Educational Service
For Hunger Organization” and
“Trees for Life publically
recommend Moringa as the “Natural Nutrition For The Tropics”. Moringaparts can
be eaten as cooked, fresh, and dried. After drying it is stable without the
refrigeration and has long shelf life and its nutrients do not loss during
In Pakistan and in India it is used for the medicinal purposes which are
Ø ear infections
Ø abnormal blood pressure,
Ø sore throat
and so on.
This figure shows bioactive
compounds of Moringa
1.1.2 BLACK PLUM SEEDS:
Black plum seeds also known
as jamun, Damson plum, Malabar plum Duhat plum and Portuguese plum. It is a tropical tree with
ever green leaves and mostly cultivated in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Philippines,
Srilanka and Indonesia. It has a sweet bitter taste and highly contains
nutrients sources such as carotene, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, calcium, potassium
and vitamin C also present in rich amount. The ripe fruit also used in making
jellies, squashes, wine, preservatives and healthy drinks.
Different parts of the
jambolan were also reported for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, ,
anti-microbial, and antifungal, anti-bacterial, anti-ulcerogenic anti-HIV,
nitric oxide scavenging, antifertility free radical scavenging, anti-diarrheal, , anorexigenic, and
The plant is rich in compounds containing glycosides,
anthocyanins, isoquercetin, kaemferol,ellagic acid, and myrecetin. The
seed contains alkaloid, jambosine, jambolin or antimellin and glycoside which
promote the conversion of starch into glucose. From its seeds volatile oil also
extracted which has the pharmaceutical effects. Research advocated that its
seeds the beneficial effects which prevents from the diabetic mellitus.
Traditionally Jamun fruit, bark, seed and leaves has the pharmaceutical
effects. It contains carbohydrates and tannins which prevents from dysentery.
Glycoside contain in higher amount in jamun which shows the antidiabatic
effect. By this glucose level is decreased, delay the complication of having
diabetes because its contains those compounds which delay the complication of
diabetes such compounds are:
Ø ascorilagin, gallic acid,
Ø ellagic acid (EA),
Ø 4,6-hexahydroxy diphenoyl glucose,
hydroxyl diphenoyl glucose 3-galloylglucose.
Bread sticks are the pencil shaped sticks made up of
dry matters of wheat, yeast, sugar, milk powder and fat. It is hard not soft as
bread. It was starting to consumed by the 14th century. And eat as
the appetizer and snacks. The bread stick was invented by the Italian baker
LanzoTorinese in 1679. Bread sticks majorly consumed in Italy and north America
as the appetizer with the cheese and garlic sauce. And some time it is served
as the dessert item with the sugar icing, cinnamon icing and honey topping.
Bread sticks sold in market as the pre meal and
dried bread sticks as the use for the home as the pre meal appetizer and as the